informazione dal medio oriente
    information from middle east
    المعلومات من الشرق الأوسط

[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 28/08/2019 00:45 ] 20076

english italiano

  [ Subscribe our newsletter!   -   Iscriviti alla nostra newsletter! ]  


Uruknet on Alexa

End Gaza Siege
End Gaza Siege


:: Segnala Uruknet agli amici. Clicka qui.
:: Invite your friends to Uruknet. Click here.

:: Segnalaci un articolo
:: Tell us of an article

Will Iraq go the way of Iran?
Fundamentalism could tip nation into civil war.

Scheherezade Faramarzi, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS


January 29, 2006

BAGHDAD, Iraq Ś Iraq's prime minister shies from shaking hands with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Two male physicians are murdered for treating women patients. Nine men are shot dead as they sit alongside the Tigris River enjoying liquor.

Islamic fundamentalism that has been creeping into once-secular society since the U.S.-led invasion three years ago is becoming more pronounced. Some worry Iraq already resembles Iran during the first decade of that country's 1979 Islamic Revolution.

The growing fundamentalism and the cleric-backed government's close ties to Iran have raised concerns about civil war between the once-dominant Sunni Arab minority and the Shiite Muslim majority, who follow the same Islamic views as most Iranians. Many question whether the U.S. effort to create a secular government may end with an Iraq in Iran's image and shadow.

"If this isn't an Islamic state, then we're heading toward one," said Mohammed al-Ani, 23, a Sunni Arab college student in Baghdad. "It will be an Islamic republic in everything but name."

Some, however, say the worries are overblown. They point out that Iraq's minority ethnic and religious groups are stronger than those in Iran, which they argue would prevent the formation of a Shiite religious state.

Pessimists argue that such views were prevalent in Iran after the 1979 revolution, when liberals and leftists wrongly thought they would take over from the Shiite clerics when the shah was toppled.

Washington says it just wants democracy in Iraq and has never tried to influence who wins. At the same time, it has clearly favored secular candidates who have won little voter support, and it has urged Shiite Muslims to include Sunnis in the new government that will take power soon.

The United States and its British coalition partner, whose troops patrol southern Iraq, also have accused Iran of interfering in Iraqi affairs and even aiding the insurgency.

Nowhere is Iran's presence Ś and intensifying fundamentalism Ś felt as strongly as in Basra and some other Shiite-populated areas in the south. Iranian-backed Islamic groups began building their power bases soon after Saddam Hussein's fall and now enforce a strict code of social conduct.

In Basra, the holy cities of Najaf and Karbala and other parts of the south, secular ideas are not tolerated: Alcohol sellers and video shop owners operate at their peril in Basra. Clubs and restaurants are closed for playing music. Women feel obliged to wear veils.

Last year, some Basra University students picnicking in a park and dancing to pop music were assaulted by the Mahdi Army, a pro-Iranian militia loyal to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.

Islamic social strictures have reached Baghdad, too, a fairly cosmopolitan city of 6 million people but which has Shiite-controlled pockets.

Around the city, as in the south, billboards and murals depicting turbaned and black-robed religious leaders remind that the Shiite religious establishment plays a major role in an already conservative society.

Hospitals, bridges, streets and other public places are named after ayatollahs.

A yellow flag with the inscription of a Shiite slogan is hoisted on a monument that replaced the statue of Saddam in Firdous Square that was toppled on the day his regime collapsed.

A clinic where male technicians performed ultrasound examinations of pregnant women was threatened with closure. Two doctors were slain last year for treating women patients.

On Dec. 30, gunmen in a car killed nine people and wounded 16 as they sat on the bank of the Tigris in eastern Baghdad. Police said the victims were drinking alcohol, suggesting the gunmen were Islamic fanatics enforcing their religion's ban on consuming liquor.

When Rice visited Iraq on her first trip as secretary of state last year, she reached out her hand to Prime Minister al-Jaafari for a photo shoot.

Al-Jaafari, who follows Shiite teachings that touching a woman's hand is inappropriate and un-Islamic, bowed respectfully with his hand on his chest, refusing Rice's gesture Ś although he did shake her hand when they met at U.N. headquarters in New York.

Before an interview with Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, head of the leading Shiite political group, an aide asked an Associated Press reporter if she would not mind wearing a scarf before the cleric entered the room. But no fuss was made when the reporter declined.

However, al-Hakim shook hands only with the male photographer accompanying the reporter.

Many Iraqis, especially secular Shiites, object to suggestions Iraq could turn into an Iran-like Islamic state. They note Iran is a strongly Shiite nation, while Iraq has big communities of Kurds, Sunni Arabs, Turkomen and Christians who would oppose an Islamic republic.

They cite the constitution as insurance.

"I don't deny that there weren't attempts to impose religious ideology into the constitution, but it was rejected," said Abdulrazzak Zanganeh, a Kurdish legislator who helped draft the charter last year.

He added, however: "We have to accept certain realities Ś that the Shiites are the majority and Shiites are bound to vote for them."

The latter point is what worries even some secular Shiites. They fear a Shiite-dominated government will increasingly impose its beliefs and values despite Iraq's traditions of letting the various religious communities follow their own ways.

Some secular groups have charged that Iran's leaders manipulated Iraqi elections in favor of their supporters and provided them with publicity on their satellite TV stations that are widely viewed here, especially in the south.

The leading Shiite group, al-Hakim's Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, not only has its own Al-Furat television station, but the Iranians campaigned for the group on their Al-Alam satellite TV that is widely watched here, said Ali Dabbagh, a Shiite politician. So did al-Manar, the pro-Iranian Lebanese Hezbollah TV station, he said.

Another Shiite party, Dawa, has two TV stations Ś al-Jaafari's Biladi and the party's Afaq.

Critics also point to the continued strong influence of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the supreme Shiite religious leader in Iraq.

Sistani, 75, says he opposes a theocratic state as well as participation by clergy in politics, but he has been doing both indirectly since Saddam's ouster.

The Iranian-born Sistani, who never appears in public and makes his declarations through spokesmen in the holy city of Najaf, signaled to his followers to vote for the main Shiite-led political coalition, the United Iraqi Alliance, in the Dec. 15 parliamentary elections.

:: Article nr. 20076 sent on 30-jan-2006 04:10 ECT


Link: www.news-leader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060129/NEWS07/601290374

:: The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website.

The section for the comments of our readers has been closed, because of many out-of-topics.
Now you can post your own comments into our Facebook page: www.facebook.com/uruknet

Warning: include(./share/share2.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385

Warning: include(): Failed opening './share/share2.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/local/php5_6/lib/php') in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385

[ Printable version ] | [ Send it to a friend ]

[ Contatto/Contact ] | [ Home Page ] | [Tutte le notizie/All news ]

Uruknet on Twitter

:: RSS updated to 2.0

:: English
:: Italiano

:: Uruknet for your mobile phone:

Uruknet on Facebook

:: Motore di ricerca / Search Engine

the web

:: Immagini / Pictures


The newsletter archive

L'Impero si è fermato a Bahgdad, by Valeria Poletti

Modulo per ordini


:: Newsletter

:: Comments

Haq Agency
Haq Agency - English

Haq Agency - Arabic

AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - English

AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - Arabic

Font size
1 2 3

:: All events


[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 28/08/2019 00:45 ]

Uruknet receives daily many hacking attempts. To prevent this, we have 10 websites on 6 servers in different places. So, if the website is slow or it does not answer, you can recall one of the other web sites: www.uruknet.info www.uruknet.de www.uruknet.biz www.uruknet.org.uk www.uruknet.com www.uruknet.org - www.uruknet.it www.uruknet.eu www.uruknet.net www.uruknet.web.at.it

:: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more info go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
::  We always mention the author and link the original site and page of every article.
uruknet, uruklink, iraq, uruqlink, iraq, irak, irakeno, iraqui, uruk, uruqlink, saddam hussein, baghdad, mesopotamia, babilonia, uday, qusay, udai, qusai,hussein, feddayn, fedayn saddam, mujaheddin, mojahidin, tarek aziz, chalabi, iraqui, baath, ba'ht, Aljazira, aljazeera, Iraq, Saddam Hussein, Palestina, Sharon, Israele, Nasser, ahram, hayat, sharq awsat, iraqwar,irakwar All pictures

url originale


I nostri partner - Our Partners:

TEV S.r.l.

TEV S.r.l.: hosting


Progetto Niz

niz: news management



digitbrand: ".it" domains


Worlwide Mirror Web-Sites:
www.uruknet.info (Main)
www.uruknet.us (USA)
www.uruknet.su (Soviet Union)
www.uruknet.ru (Russia)
www.uruknet.it (Association)
www.uruknet.mobi (For Mobile Phones)
www.uruknet.org.uk (UK)
www.uruknet.de (Germany)
www.uruknet.ir (Iran)
www.uruknet.eu (Europe)
wap.uruknet.info (For Mobile Phones)
rss.uruknet.info (For Rss Feeds)

Vat Number: IT-97475012153