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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (14- 20 November 2013)

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)

21pc15-15-15w45.jpg

Ramallah – A Palestinian house burnt by Israeli settlers


November 21, 2013

Israeli forces continue systematic attacks against Palestinian civilians and property in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

      

 

Israeli forces launched 8 air strikes on the Gaza Strip.

3,500 chicks and 15 sheep died in Israeli raids on poultry and sheep farms in Khan Yunis.

 

Israeli forces have continued to open fire at the border areas in the Gaza Strip, but no casualties were reported.

 

8 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children, were wounded in the southeast of Nablus.

 

Israeli forces have continued to use excessive force against peaceful protesters in the West Bank.

 

7 Palestinian civilians were wounded in protests in Kofur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilia, and Bil'in village, west of Ramallah.

 

 

Israeli forces conducted 56 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and a limited one in the Gaza Strip.

 

At least 58 Palestinians, including 11 children and a mother of 2 children, were arrested.

 

Israel has continued to impose a total closure on the oPt and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

Israeli forces established dozens of checkpoints in the West Bank.

At least 10 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, were arrested at checkpoints in the West Bank.

A patient from Rafah was arrested at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing in the northern Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli navy forces have continued targeting Palestinian fishermen in the sea.

Israeli forces opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats, arrested fishermen and confiscated fishing boats.

 

Israeli has continued efforts to create a Jewish demographic majority in occupied East Jerusalem.

Israeli authorities approved the scheme of the (National Park) on the lands of al-Tour and al-'Eisawiya villages.

 

Israeli forces have continued to support settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

Israeli forces erased 100 olive trees in Ya'bad village, southwest of Jenin.

Israeli settlers set fire to 2 vehicles in Fara'ta village, northeast of Qalqilia.

219 olive trees were uprooted and damaged in the northern and southern West Bank.  

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (14 – 20 November 2013).

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 15 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, in the West Bank.  7 of these civilians were wounded during peaceful protests organized by Palestinian civilians and international activists against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. The other 8 ones were wounded during clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians who protested against uprooting their trees by Israeli settlers. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli warplanes bombarded different areas, while the gunboats continued to attack fishing boats in the sea.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued the systematic use of excessive force against peaceful protests organised by Palestinian, Israeli and international activists against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West. As a result, 7 civilians, including 2 children, were wounded.  

 

On 18 November 2013, 8 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children, were wounded when they protested in Qasra village, southeast of Nablus, as settlers uprooted 38 olive seedlings from Palestinian lands. Israeli forces arrived and fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets at the Palestinians.

 

 

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli warplanes launched 8 air strikes against a number of targets throughout the Gaza Strip. On 14 November 2013, Israeli warplanes raided an open land in the east of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, and another open land, east of al-Zaitoun neighbourhood in the east of Gaza City.

 

On 19 November 2013, Israeli warplanes launched 6 air strikes as follows: the first was on a poultry and sheep farm, southeast of Khan Yunis. The second raid was on the area that witnessed the tunnel bombardment last month, 250 meters away from the border fence, northeast of Khan Yunis. The third raid was on an agricultural land, east of Khan Yunis, while the fourth one was carried out on Hettin training site of the Palestinian armed groups, in the northern Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes attacked the abovementioned training site twice later.

 

On 19 November 2013, Israeli military vehicles stationed along the border fence shelled an agricultural land, east of al-Zaitoun neighbourhood in Gaza City. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.     

 

In the context of targeting fishermen in the sea, Israeli gunboats stationed in the sea opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats twice. The first attack took place on 16 November 2013, but neither casualties nor material damage were reported. On 17 November 2013, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Resort shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at the Palestinian fishing boats sailing nearly 1.5 nautical miles in the sea.  An Israeli gunboat surrounded a boat boarding 2 fishermen; 'Ammar As’ad 'Abdel Malek al-Sultan (21) and Muhsin Akram Diab Zayed (24) from al-Salatin neighbourhood in Beit Lahia.  Israeli naval soldiers forced fishermen to jump into the water and swim towards the Israeli gunboat while the two fishermen were pulling 10 fishing nets, 1,000 meters long in total, from water.  The two fishermen were terrified due to the continued firing at them.  The Israeli soldiers then confiscated their fishing boat and items and took the fishermen to Ashdod Port, where they were arrested and questioned.  At Israeli forces released the two fishermen on the following day via Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing. 

 

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 56 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 58 Palestinians, including 11 children and a mother of 2 of them. The mother and her 11-year-old child were arrested to force her other 17-year-old child surrender to the Israeli forces. However, Israeli forces have not released the mother and her 11-year-old child so far. 

 

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces conducted an incursion into the southern Gaza Strip on 19 November 2013, during which they levelled areas of Palestinian land.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tightened closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 7 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in a grave violation of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.7 million people.  The Israeli authorities has established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy that has been aggravating for years due to the shortage of imports.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. 

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

As part of using military checkpoints and border crossings as traps to arrest Palestinian civilians under the pretext they are wanted, Israeli forces arrested at least 10 civilians, including 3 children, in the West Bank and one civilian in the Gaza Strip.


Settlement activities

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the oPt, a direct violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

On Thursday morning, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces, backed with heavy military bulldozers, leveled farmlands, south of Ya’abod village near the main bypass road, which leads to "Movedtan" settlement established on Palestinian lands between Jenin and the northern villages of Tulakrm, southwest of Jenin.

 

On the same day, 4 Israeli settlers sneaked into a house belonging to the family of Khaled 'Abdel Rahman Mahmoud Dar Khalil in Sanjal village, north of Ramallah.  The settlers poured an incendiary material inside the house balcony, which was closed by glass, put it on fire, and wrote a slogan in Hebrew on the outside wall.

 

Also on the same day, a group of settlers, escorted by Israeli forces, raided one of the ancient archaeological areas, west of al-Samou’a village, south of Hebron, and perform religious rituals. 

 

Also on the same day, a group of settlers from "Eddy 'Aad" settlement, which is established on the east of Turmos’ayah lands, north of Ramallah, uprooted 75 seedlings in the al-Sabiha agricultural area, east of the village and 3 kilometers away from the aforementioned settlement.

 

On 15 November 2013, dozens of settlers, escorted by Israeli forces, obstructed the movement at the entrance of Beit Ummar village, and uprooted 75 seedlings in al-Sbihah agricultural area, east of the village.

 

On 17 Nove,ebr 2013, a number of settlers from "Afijal" settlement established on Palestinian lands, east of Yata, south of Hebron, cut 106 olive trees belonging to Mos’if family in Mo’in valley, east of Yata, with handsaws.

 

On 18 November 2013, Israeli forces confiscated 120 square meters of construction bricks of al-Dirat village, northeast of Yata, south of Hebron, under the pretext of building a mosque without a construction permit.

 

On the same day, civilians were surprised in Qasrah village, southeast of Nablus, with settlers uprooting 38 olive seedlings and tried to demolish an agricultural room belonging to 'Ali 'Abdel Hamid Hassan, but they could not. 

 

On 19 November 2013, 3 settlers infiltrated from "Hafa Gel’ad" settlement to Fer’etah village, northeast of Qalqilya, and set a truck and vehicle belonging to Bahjat Mohammed Mahmoud Soliman, on fire.

 

 

 

Efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem

 

On Thursday, 14 November 2013, the Israeli district planning and construction committee approved "The National Park" plan to be located on part of the lands of al-Tur and al-Issawiya villages in East Jerusalem.  According to information available at PCHR, this plan will confiscate 740 dunums of the Palestinian lands in the two aforementioned villages resulting in depriving their residents of the urban expansion towards these lands.

 

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (14 – 20 November 2013)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 14 November 2013

 

At approximately 00:00, Israeli forces moved into Beer al-Basha village, south of Jenin. They raided a house belonging to the family of Hussein Sharif Ghawadra (16), who is accused of killing an Israeli soldier near a central bus station in al-'Afoula in Israel on Wednesday, 13 November 2013. Israeli forces arrested 3 brothers of the aforementioned person: Tawfiq (27), 'Arafat (25) and Mo'tasem (21). They also raided a house belonging to the family of Jamil Mohammed Ghawadra (16) and arrested him as well. Israeli forces withdrew taking the 4 arrested persons to an unknown destination.   

 

At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Jalama village, north of Jenin. They patrolled the streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Abdullah Khaled Yaseen (27). They arrested him and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Daheriya village, south of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and deployed between the houses. They also raided a number of houses from which they arrested 10 civilians, including 4 brothers:

1. Osama Mohammed al-Najjar (32);

2. Ra'ed Mohammed al-Najjar (28);

3. Alaa' Mohammed al-Najjar (28);

4. Adel Mohammed al-Najjar (35);

5. Riyadh Mohammed al-Battat (28);

6. Madin Shehda al-Ka'bi (33);

7. Ibrahim al-Janazra (26);

8. Mohammed Ali Wreidat (33);

9. Fayez Khaled Raba' (29); and

10. Mohye Mohammed al-Battat (26).

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They raided a number of houses from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 brothers:

1. Lo'ai Samir Issa Masalma (21);

2. Odai Samir Issa Masalma (20);

3. Yusef Samir Hassan Masalma (22); and

4. Mahmoud Issa Maslama (20).

 

At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into the south of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Ali Mohammed al-Bakri (23). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces bombarded an open land in Bouret Abu Ghazala, east of Beit Hanoun, in the northern Gaza Strip. As a result, the bombardment caused a big crater in the land and terrified the area residents. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported. It should be noted the targeted land is 2,500 meters away from the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

Also at approximately 15:00, Israeli forces launched a missile at an open land in the east of al-Zaitoun neighbourhood, east of Gaza City. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Yamoun village, northwest of Jenin. They raided a house belonging to the family of Ahed Mahmoud Abu al-Haija (18). They arrested him and took him to an unknown destination.

 

 Also around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Raj'i woodland around al-Aqaba village, south of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the lands, where dome boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, a number of boys suffered tear gas inhalation.

 

At approximately 16:45, Israeli forces moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, east of Qalqilia. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 16:50, Israeli forces moved into al-Funduq village, east of Qalqilia. They patrolled the streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Salah Mohammed Taiyem (27). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 17:30, Israeli forces moved into Qalqilia. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and deployed between houses. A number of boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Israeli forces withdrew later. 

 

 

Friday, 15 November 2013

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area of Hebron.  They patrolled the streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Qaher Najeh Abu Qbeita (29). They arrested the aforementioned person and withdrew later.

 

 Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Shyoukh village, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces moved into the eastern Barta'a village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of stores and confiscated meat and eggs under the pretext they do not carry legal stamps and were sold to Palestinians in Israel. Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Mohammed Abu al-Halawa, whose store was raided, and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces moved into Deir Samet village, west of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and deployed between the houses. Israeli forces withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Dawood (65) and stationed on top of the house. Mohammed and his family tried to prevented Israeli soldiers from going upstairs, but he and his family were attacked. Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs at the family and attacked them again in front of the house. As a result, some of the family members sustained bruises and were taken to Hebron Hospital to receive medical treatment.

Mohammed Abu Dawood (65) said to PCHR's fieldworker:

"At approximately 14:15 on Friday, 15 November 2013, I was on the third floor of my 3-storey house. I heard violent knocking on the door leading to the roof. I went downstairs to the door and found 4 Israeli soldiers, including an officer who hit the door with his gun. I realized that the main door of the house was open. I asked them what they were doing. One of them asked me to give them the key, but I refused because a few day earlier some Israeli soldiers went up to the roof and damaged the solar power boards. The officer hit the door again, so I shouted asking them to stop, but in vain. My sons Yusef (25), Ibrahim (25), daughter Amani (20) and my two wives Nazmiya (58) and Zainab (60) came. A quarrel erupted between me and the soldiers. Ibrahim stood in the middle to prevent them from attacking me. A soldier held a sound bomb and hit it on Ibrahim's head and then threw it towards Yusef, whose head was injured. Ibrahim got away, as he was bleeding. In the meantime, I stepped back, but a soldier who was one step higher than me, so he strongly kicked me in the left side of my chest. Yusef carried me to a close balcony as I suffered difficulty in breathing. I heard him calling out relatives downstairs to bring an ambulance. After a while, my sons took me outdoor waiting for the ambulance. There were Israeli soldiers out there, in addition to my brother Ibrahim (50) and his sons. My two wives and daughters stayed inside and closed the door. The Israeli soldiers approached and started hitting the door with their gun butts. I tried to prevent them from doing so, but a soldier broke the glass of the door. My nephew Mohammed came to get me away fearing that I would be attacked again, but 2 soldiers pulled him back, pushed him to the ground and attacked him. My sons and brother came to help him. In the meanwhile, a soldier stood on the door's step, held his gun crosswise and jumped over them. They all fell to the ground. The soldiers took each one of them and attacked him individually. Once an ambulance of the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) arrived, the Israeli soldiers left. I was taken with 3 members of my family to Hebron Hospital. Following medical check-up, it was found that I had a fracture in my rib cage, my son Ibrahim sustained a wound in the left side of his head, my nephew Fadi sustained a fracture in the nose and my son Ahmed sustained bruises in the belly. A few minutes later, my brother Ibrahim and my son Yusef arrived were also admitted to the hospital. My brother sustained a fracture in his left hand and my son Yusef had pain in his left side of his head. Half an hour later, my wife Nazmiya was admitted to the hospital. She had pain in the chest. I learnt later that Israeli soldiers had pushed her while going downstairs. We left the hospital in the evening."   

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Qalqilya. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces withdrew. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported. 

 

At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces moved into Bab al-Zawiya area, in the centre if Hebron, and deployed between the houses. A number of boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.

 

At approximately 16:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and stationed at the entrance of al-Tarabiqa neighbourhood. A number of boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, Morshed Mohammed Awad and his children suffered tear gas inhalation, as a gas canisters fell near their store. Moreover, a number of Israeli soldiers went on top of a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Abdul Hamid al-'Alami. They randomly fired sound bombs, as a result, Mofeed Khaled Alqam suffered tear gas inhalation as a gas canister fell near his store as well. Israeli forces withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.    

 

Saturday, 16 November 2013

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Deir Samet village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They stationed in the centre of the village and deployed between the houses. They also raided 3 houses belonging to al-Hroub family. Israeli forces handed 4 civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in "Gosh Etzion" settlement, south of Bethelehem. The summoned persons were:

1. Ahmed Ouda al-Hroub (50);

2. Nayef Ahmed al-Hroub (30);

3. Farid Ouda al-Hroub (45); and

4. Mohammed Salim al-Hroub (27).

Israeli forces withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Um al-Amad area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Khaled Hussein Jabareen (26). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination.  

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Ezbet al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqilya. They raided a house belonging to the family of Tha'er Bayan Tabeeb (20) and detained him for some time. They questioned him on the spot and released him later.  

 

Also at approximately 14:20, Israeli forces moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilia.  They patrolled the streets and detained 2 children and a father of one of them: Adam Ahmed Badwan, his son Ahmed Badwan (12) and Omar Zahran Sweidan (12). Israeli forces questioned them on the spot and released them at approximately 17:00.

 

Also at approximately 18:30, Israeli forces moved into al-'Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They deployed in al-Jawabra neighbourhood and fired gas canisters at Palestinian houses. As a result, the family of Tareq Ziad Jawabra (27) suffered tear gas inhalation as a number of gas canisters fell around their house. Israeli forces withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

Tareq Jawabra (27) said to PCHR's fieldworker:

"I live with my family in al-Jawabra neighbourhood near the entrance of al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. My family comprises of me, my wife Eman (27), my daughter Suzan (1), my mother Suzan (43) and mother grandmother (84). The area where we live witnesses daily attacks by Israeli forces using sound bombs and tear gas canisters. At approximately 19:30 on Saturday, 16 November 2013, I was standing with my friends in front of my house; my friends were helping me to unload some construction materials from a truck in front of the house. Everything was calm around.  In the meanwhile, a gas canister fell under the truck. My friends and I went inside the house. I stayed with my family in a room for about 15 minutes, and I went back to work with my friends. At approximately 20:15, we finished and my friends left. I went home to have dinner with my family, during which I hearing gunfire. The neighbours were screaming there were gas canisters in the street. I hurried up and opened the door. A gas canister fell in front of me and a second fell around before I closed the door. A third gas canister fell near the sewage pipe. The gas spread in through the bathroom window. A fourth gas canister fell in a hole in the wall. The gas was everywhere and as if there was a big white cloud inside the house. I entered a room with my family and closed the door tightly, but in vain because the gas was spreading inside from the door sides. A few minutes later, I could see my family exhausted and unable to breathe well. Moreover, their eyes became red. An hour later, the room was full of gas, so I opened the door running to the main door of the house. I opened it and fell to the ground. The street was also full of gas. A number of my relatives entered the house and saved my family. They took them to one of the neighbouring houses. It should be noted when Israeli forces fired the tear gas canisters, there were no boys in the streets at all."        

 

At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed opposite to Beit Lahia seashore in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats that were sailing 3 nautical miles offshore.  Palestinian fishermen were terrified and were forced to sail back to the beach.  Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

 

Sunday, 17 November 2013

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Bani Na'im village, east of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Hejra village, east of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beer al-Basha village, south of Jenin.  They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and stationed in the centre of the camp. They deployed between the houses and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 08:00, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 13:45, Israeli forces moved into Kofur al-Labad village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets and checked the artesian wells. Israeli forces withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into Deir al-Ghosoun village, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets, checked the artesian wells and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces moved into Bal'a village, northeast of Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets, where a number of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Israeli forces withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 17:45, Israeli gunboats stationed opposite to Beit Lahia seashore in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats that were sailing 1.5 nautical miles offshore.  An Israeli gunboat surrounded a boat boarding 2 fishermen; 'Ammar As’ad 'Abdel Malek al-Sultan (21) and Muhsin Akram Diab Zayed (24) from al-Salatin neighbourhood in Beit Lahia.  Israeli naval soldiers forced fishermen to jump into the water and swim towards the Israeli gunboat while the two fishermen were pulling 10 fishing nets, 1,000 meters long in total, from water.  The two fishermen were terrified due to the continued firing at them.  The Israeli soldiers then confiscated their fishing boat and items and took the fishermen to Ashdod Port, where they were arrested and questioned.  At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces released the two fishermen via Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing. 

 

At approximately 22:00, Israeli forces moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:30, Israeli forces moved into Faqou'a village, northeast of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

 

 

Monday, 18 November 2013

 

At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces moved into Habla village, south of Qalqilia. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Zababda village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Masaliya village, south of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets, where some boys gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Israeli forces withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

 

At approximately 01:00 Israeli forces moved into al-Sarra village, south of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jenin. They patrolled the streets and stationed at Jabal Abu Dheir area. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ali Jamal Ersheid (23) and arrested him. Israeli forces also raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Amjad Mohammed Hasees (33). They arrested him and took both detainees to an unknown destination.  

 

At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Majd village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 03:25, Israeli forces moved into al-Ebeidiya village, east of Bethlehem. They patrolled the streets and raided a number of houses from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 children:

1. Ahed Mohammed Hasasna (17);

2. Mazen Amen Hasasna (16); and

3. Rashad Jamil Hasasna (18).

 

At approximately 08:00, Israeli settlers uprooted 38 olive seedlings in Qasra village, southeast of Nablus, in presence of Israeli forces in the area. The village residents gathered, due to which, Israeli forces fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. The Palestinians threw stones at the soldiers and clashes erupted. In the meanwhile. Israeli forces fired rubber-coated metal bullets at the Palestinian civilians. As a result, 8 civilians, including 6 children, were wounded. (see section settler attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property).

The wounded were:

1. Ahmed Mousa Kharyoush (15), wounded by a bullet to the right shoulder;

2. Abdul Hamid Salah Abdul Hamid (16), wounded by a bullet to the chest;

3. Odwan Emad Ouda (16), wounded by shrapnel to the shoulder;

4. Bahjat Sa'ed Hassan (16), wounded by 2 bullets to the legs;

5. Sayel Rebhi Hassan (13), wounded by a bullet to the left side;

6. Ali Farid Hassan (22), wounded by a bullet to the right elbow;

7. Ahmed Khaled Abu Rida (18), wounded by shrapnel to the chest, neck and hands; and

8. Radi Mohammed Hassan (34), wounded by a bullet to the right thigh.

 

At approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into Tarousa area, west of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They deployed in the agricultural lands around the area, where Israeli forces established a military surveillance site in 2003. They combed the area amidst firing at the neighbouring valleys.   

 

At approximately 23:30, Israeli forces moved into Marka village, south of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 19 November 2013

 

At approximately 01:55, Israeli forces moved into al-Ebeidiya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided a house belonging to the family of Ahmed Naser Suleiman (18) and arrested him.

 

At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Khader village, southwest of Bethlehem. They raided a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Mousa Attiyat (17) and arrested him.

 

At approximately 08:45, Israeli forces backed with heavy military vehicles moved about 200 meters into the east of al-Qarara village, east of Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza Strip. They fired over 12 smoke bombs, while heliports were overhead. Israeli forces levelled lands in the area that witnessed the bombardment of a tunnel and clashes with the Palestinian armed groups. Israeli forces levelled the land in the area that was dug looking for the corpses of 2 Palestinian armed members: Mohammed Rashid Dawood and Mohammed al-Qassas, who were killed during the clashes. This incursion disturbed the school students at al-Ma'arri elementary school that is about 850 meters away from the border fence.

 

At approximately 20:14, Israeli warplanes launched 2 missiles at least at 2 poultry and sheep farms in al-Manara neighbourhood, southeast of Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza Strip. As a result, the 2 farms were damaged and all livestock died, but no casualties were reported. The 2 farms belong to the heirs of Jom'a Bader Islayeh. According to Abdul Men'em, one of the heirs and owner of one of the farms, the 400 –square-meter poultry farm shelters 3,500 chicks, while the 550-square-meter sheep farm shelters 15 sheep. He added the farms were destroyed and the sheep and poultry died.

 

 

Few minutes later, Israeli warplanes launched 2 missiles at the area that witnessed the bombardment of a tunnel last month, about 250 meters away from the border fence, to the east of al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan Yunis. The attack resulted in a big crater in the area, but no casualties were reported.   

 

Around the same time, Israeli warplanes bombarded an agricultural land in al-Zanna area in Bani Suhaila, east of Khan Yunis. The strike caused a big crater, but no casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 20:50, Israeli warplanes launched a missile at Hettin training site of the al-Quds brigades (the armed wing of the Islamic Jihad movement), southeast of Um al-Nasser Bedouin village, in the northern Gaza Strip.

 

At approximately 21:05, Israeli warplanes attacked the same training site for the second time causing a big crater in the site. Moreover, a sewage station in the area was damaged. Residents of the area were frightened, but no casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 21:30, Israeli military vehicles station at the eastern borders fired 3 shells at an agricultural land, east of al-Zaitoun neighbourhood in Gaza City. However, neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Wednesday, 20 November 2013

 

At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the northern area of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Khaled Majed al-Zgheer (20). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

Also at approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They patrolled the streets and raided a number of houses from which they arrested 9 civilians, including 2 children and 3 brothers:

1. Helal Mostafa Bani Shamsa (22), a student at the al-Quds Open University in Nablus;

2. His brother Amir (20), a student at the Independence University in Jericho; and

3. Their brother Najm (16), a school student. They were arrested from their house that is located in al-Ras area.;

4. Meqdam Rebhi Hamayel, (19);

5. Salim Mostafa Hamayel (20);

6. Yusef Mohammed Hamayel (40);

7. Nidal Abdullah Khader (41); they were all arrested from their houses that are located in the eastern side of the village;

8. Islam Hamed Bani Shamsa (17); and

9. Ayoub Riyadh Gaghoub (20), who were arrested from their houses that are located in the western neighbourhood of the village. 

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Doura town, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Sa'ed Abdul Majid Ahmed (18). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ya'bad village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a number of houses from which they arrested 8 civilians, including a child:

1. Alaa' Adnan Abu Baker (20);

2. His twin brother Baha' (20);

3. Khaled Jamal Abu Baker (20);

4. Yusef Qais Amarna (19);

5. Feras Abdul Afou Baker (18);

6. Fo'ad Omar Abu Baker (20);

7. Tareq Hassan Abadi (17); and

8. Yasser Mohammed Amarna (19).

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Deir Samet village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Nasser Abdullah al-Masalma (44), looking for his son Nasser (17), who was not home. They arrested the mother Manal Kayed Masalma and her son Mo'tasem (11) to force Nasser surrender. The mother and her child were taken to "Kiryat Arba" settlement, east of Hebron. At approximately 06:00, Nasser surrendered, but his mother and brother have not been released.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Oula village, west of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Isma'il Hatem al-Saraheen (23). They handed the aforementioned person a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service at "Gosh Etzion" settlement, south of Bethlehem.

 

Also around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They patrolled the streets and deployed between the houses. They also raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Fadel Tamim Tamimi (54). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination. In the meanwhile, Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mo'tasem Khalil Tamimi (18). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to an unknown destination as well. 

 

At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Salah al-Badawi (15). They arrested the aforementioned person. In the meantime, Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Omar Nasser al-Jundi (17) and arrested him.

 

At approximately 03:20, Israeli forces moved into al-Ebeidiya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Mhanna Abu Sarhan (18) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service at "Gosh Etzion" settlement, south of the city.  

 

2. Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

During the reporting period, Israeli soldiers used excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organised by Palestinian civilians, international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, 7 civilians, including 2 children, were wounded. 6 of them were wounded during a protest in Kofur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilia, while a 17-year-old civilian was wounded by 3 bullets to the back during Bil'in protest, west of Ramallah. Moreover, dozens of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises.

 

Demonstrations against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activity

 

Following the Friday Prayer, 15 November 2013, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organised a peaceful demonstration in Bil’in, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstration was also organized to mark the 25th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence and the 9th anniversary of the death of the late President Yasser Arafat.  Demonstrators took the streets raising the Palestinian flags and headed to the liberated territories near the annexation wall. Israeli forces had closed all the entrances of the village since morning to prevent the Palestinian and international activists and journalists from participating in the demonstration. Demonstrators marched adjacent to the cement wall and tried to cross the fence before Israeli forces that are stationed behind the wall, in the western area, and a large number of soldiers deployed along it fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and skunk water at them and chased them in olive fields. As a result, a 17-year-old child was wounded by 3 bullets to the back, dozens suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises due to being beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

On the same day, dozens of Palestinian civilians organised a peaceful demonstration in the middle of Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. Demonstrators took the streets and headed to the annexation wall. Israeli forces closed the gates of the wall with barbwires and prevented the demonstrators from passing to the land behind it before they responded by throwing stones. As a result, many civilians suffered tear gas inhalation and bruises due to being beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organised a peaceful demonstration, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities, in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. Demonstrators took the streets raising the Palestinian flags and chanting slogans against the occupation and in support of the Palestinian unity resistance, and then they headed to the lands that the settlers are trying to rob by force near "Halmish" settlement.  Israeli forces had closed all the entrances of the village since morning to prevent the Palestinian and international activists and journalists from participating in the demonstration. When they arrived at the land, the demonstrators were met by live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and skunk water and were chased into the village. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises due to being beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

Following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organised a peaceful demonstration in Ma’sara village, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstration started in front of the Candles Cultural Centre in the centre of the village. Demonstrators moved in the streets raising the Palestinian flag. When they arrived at the area where the annexation wall is established, Israeli forces started firing tear gas canisters in attempt to disperse them and prevented the demonstrators from reaching the annexation wall.  A number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.

 

At approximately 12:30 on the same day, Palestinian civilians and international activists organised a peaceful demonstration in the centre of Kufor Qaddoum village, northwest of Qalqilia, and headed towards the eastern entrance of the village, in protest at the continued closure of the entrance with an iron gate, since the beginning of the Aqsa Intifada. Clashes erupted between the demonstrators and Israeli forces that fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters to prevent them from reaching the aforementioned gate. As a result, 6 civilians, including an 8-year-old boy, were wounded and others suffered tear gas inhalation. Moreover, Israeli forces detained and questioned 4 children for an hour. The detained children were: Ahmed Abdul Salam Ishteiwi (6); Malek Hekmat Ishteiwi (7); Tareq Hekmat Ishtiwi (9); and Hosam Khaldoun Abu Khaled (8).

 

(PCHR keeps the names of the wounded persons).

 

 

Other Demonstrations

 

On Friday, 15 November 2013, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international activists gathered in Bethelehm to commemorate the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence at the intersection leading to "Bitar Elite" settlement. They closed the street and raised the Palestinian flags. Israeli forces and police arrived to the area and dispersed the demonstrators.

 

At approximately 15:00, on the same day, dozens of Palestinian children gathered at the entrance of Selwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They threw stones at a military fence around the village. Israeli forces stationed in the area fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Israeli forces arrested 3 children: Majd Abdul Rahman Hamed (16); Abdullah Khaled Hammad (17); and Mohammed Ziad Hamed (14). The third child was released 2 hours following his arrest, while the other 2 ones were taken to Ofer detention facility, southwest of the city.

 

Majd's mother said to PCHR's fieldworker that she and her husband Abdullah Saleh had gone at approximately 23:30, on the same day, to "Benjamin" police station, as they received a phone call from an Israeli police officer named Morad, asking them to come to the police station and see their son's statement. The mother added: "When I went in, I saw my son Majd. He sustained wounds in his forehead and bruises around his eyes. His clothes were stained with blood, as he was beaten up."

 

3. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tightens the closure of the Gaza Strip and closes all commercial crossings , making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

 

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

The total closure of al-Mentar ("Karni") crossing since 02 March 2011 has seriously affected the economy of the Gaza Strip. Following this closure, all economic and commercial establishments in the Gaza Commercial Zone were shut off. It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in the Gaza Strip, in terms of its capacity to absorb the flow of imports and exports. The decision to close al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of decisions resulting in the complete closure of the Sofa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip in the beginning of 2009, and the Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which was dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

The cooking gas crisis has ranged between the ebb and flow for 3 months due to the closure of Karm Abu Salem for security reasons.  According to PCHR’s follow-up, Israeli authorities only allow around 98 tonnes of cooking gas into Gaza per day.  This limited quantity is less than half of the daily needs, which is 200 tonnes per day, of the civilian population in the Gaza Strip during the winter.

 

For almost 6 consecutive years, Israeli forces have continued to prevent the delivery of construction materials to the Gaza Strip. During the reporting period, Israeli forces approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a number of international organisations in the Gaza Strip.  Israeli forces also continued to impose almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun ("Erez") crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel denied permission to access hospitals via the crossing for new categories of patients from the Gaza Strip.

 

For around a year and a half, Israeli forces have allowed Palestinian detainees’ families to visit their sons in the Israeli jails according to special and unfair conditions after more than 5 years of deprivation in violation of international humanitarian law.

 

The Egyptian authorities allow the population of the Gaza Strip to travel via Rafah International crossing, which connects the Gaza Strip with the outside world.  Only limited and specified categories are allowed, including patients, students, persons that hold residencies in Egypt or abroad, men over 40 years, females in all ages, children under 18, persons who hold Arab and foreign nationalities, and members of Arab and international humanitarian delegations.  It should be mentioned that the crossing opens seven days a week.  Nowadays, the crossing is overcrowded due to the prolonged procedures from the Egyptian side, particularly after closing it for several days over the past weeks due to Egypt’s security conditions, which has affected the travellers’ movement in both directions.

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) crossing

12 - 19 November 2013

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Number

Litres

12 November 2013

Foodstuffs

1,420

 

 

Agricultural materials

3,130

 

 

Various goods

Water tanks

Washing machines

Cartons of shoes

Solar panels

Cartons of pumps

Generators

Air conditions

Packaging machines

1,056

 

 

230

308

1,216

238

440

448

31

2

 

Humanitarian aid

131

 

 

Cooking gas

173,020

 

 

Benzene

 

 

291,999

Diesel

 

 

445,072

13 November 2013

Foodstuffs

797

 

 

Agricultural materials

2,664

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Cartons of shoes

Solar panels

Washing machines

Gas Cylinders

Cartons of electric cars

1,527

 

3,048

885

280

144

2,264

12

 

Humanitarian aid

601

 

 

Cooking gas

154,450

 

 

Benzene

 

 

180,997

Diesel

 

 

436,445

14 November 2013

Foodstuffs

730

 

 

Agricultural materials

2,212

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Refrigerators

Glass boards

Cartons of shoes

Washing machines

Cows

Solar panels

2,160

 

691

56107

1940

980

118

537

132

 

Humanitarian aid

660

 

 

Cooking gas

174,190

 

 

Benzene

 

 

222,204

Diesel

 

 

409,239

17 November 2013

Foodstuffs

1,182

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,469

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Refrigerators

Ovens

Washing machines

Cartons of shoes

Televisions

1,404

 

791

171

2800

124

1000

130

 

Humanitarian aid

153

 

 

Cooking gas

197,560

 

 

Benzene

 

 

183,973

Diesel

 

 

514,034

18 November 2013

Foodstuffs

842

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,326

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Refrigerators

Glass boards

Cartons of shoes

Car tires

Televisions

Birds

Wood pillars

Cars

Cartons of accessories

1,406

 

1,054

88

520

315

1,444

722

180

203

33

464

 

Humanitarian aid

477

 

 

Cooking gas

171,540

 

 

Benzene

 

 

289,998

Diesel

 

 

438,271

19 November 2013

Foodstuffs

1,019

 

 

Agricultural materials

993

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of Shoes

Water tanks

Televisions

Wood pillars

Washing machines

Cows

1,590

 

 

1,073

174

1,168

173

100

572

 

Humanitarian aid

620

 

 

Cooking gas

164,780

 

 

Benzene

 

 

106,994

Diesel

 

 

330,048

 

Benzene

 

 

18,998

UNRWA

 

Diesel

 

 

145,989

UNRWA

Exports:

 

On Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 216 kilograms of garlic leaves, 180 kilograms of basil and 180 kilograms of mints.

 

Other Imports:

 

 

On Tuesday, 12 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 2,106 tonnes of fodders and 819 tonnes of wheat.

On Wednesday, 13 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 1,014 tonnes of fodders and 1,092 tonnes of wheat.

On Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 702 tonnes of fodders and 1,209 tonnes of wheat.

On Sunday, 17 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 663 tons of fodders and 663 tons of wheat.

On Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 858 tons of fodders and 351 tons of wheat.

On Tuesday, 19 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 546 tons of fodders and 273 tons of wheat.

 

Empty Plastic Containers Returned to Israel via Karm Abu Salem

 

On Tuesday, 12 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed 3 truckloads of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On Wednesday, 13 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed 3 truckloads of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed 6 truckloads of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On Sunday, 17 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed 5 truckloads of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed 3 truckloads of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On Tuesday, 19 November 2013, Israeli forces allowed a truckload of empty plastic containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

 

 

Beit Hanoun ("Erez") crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designed for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun ("Erez") crossing

13 - 18 November 2013

 

Category

13 November

14 November

15 November

16 November

17  November

18 November

Patients

50

37

8

-

62

46

Companions

49

32

8

-

54

41

Personal needs

47

63

       3

-

55

58

Families of prisoners

-

-

-

-

-

79

Arabs from Israel

6

31

4

-

32

-

Diplomats

-

-

-

-

-

-

International journalists

1

       -

      4

-

1

-

International workers

21

63

10

-

13

19

Deceased

-

-

-

-

-

-

Travellers abroad

4

6

1

-

6

1

Businesspeople

112

98

1

-

101

129

Business meetings

6

3

-

-

-

8

Security interviews

2

1

-

-

-

1

VIPs

-

-

-

-

1

-

Ambulances to Israel

2

3

2

-

2

3

Ambulances from Israel

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians:

 

 Ramallah: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 09:30 on Friday, 15 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Nabi Saleh village.  At approximately 18:00, they established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit 'Aor al-Foqa, southwest of Ramallah.  The two checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 17:30 on Saturday, 16 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint under the bridge of Kharabtha al-Mesbah, southwest of Ramallah.  The checkpoint was removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 10:30 on Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ni'lin village, west of Ramallah.  The checkpoint was removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

 Hebron: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 14:30 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces closed the entrance of Kharsa village, southeast of Dura, southwest of Hebron.  At approximately 16:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Ezna village, west of Hebron.  At approximately 18:00, another checkpoint was established at al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of the city.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 15 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of Hebron.  At approximately 14:30, they established a checkpoint on the main road between Dura and its southern villages (Fqeiqes Road), south of Dura, southwest of the city.  At approximately 15:00, a similar checkpoint was established on the main road between Yata and al-Samou’a, south of Hebron.  At approximately 17:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of al-Fawar refugee camp, southeast of Hebron.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 07:30 on Sunday, 17 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Fawar refugee camp, north of Hebron, as this entrance is connected with Bypass Road (60), south of Hebron.  At approximately 03:00, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance of Hadab al-'Alqa village, south of Dura, southwest of the city.  At approximately 16:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Sa’ir village, east of Hebron.  At approximately 17:00, they established a checkpoint at the entrance o Kharsa village, south of Dura, southwest of the city.  At approximately 18:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of al-'Arroub refugee camp, as this entrance is connected with (60), north of Hebron.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Sa'ir village, east of Hebron.  At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces closed one of the entrances to al-'Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and positioned barbed wireson a height of 7 meters on Bypass Road (60), Jerusalem-Hebron Road, near the west side of the camp under the pretext of the continued throwing of stones at settlers’ cars.  At approximately 15:00, they closed the northern entrance of Hebron, as this entrance is connected with Bypass Road (60), and prevented cars from moving.  At approximately 16:00, they established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ezna village, west of Hebron.  The checkpoint was removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· Tulkarm:  Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces stationed at 'Inab checkpoint, which is established on the main road between Tulkarm and Nablus, east of Tulkarm, tightened their restrictions against Palestinian civilians and obstructed their movement.  The tightening ended later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 15 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the main road between Tulkarm and Nablus near the intersection of Beit Leed village in an area known as "Abu Martein", east of Tulkarm.  All checkpoints were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 21:30 on Saturday, 16 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Ezbet el-Shofah village, southeast of Tulkarm.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· Jenin: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Zababdah village, southeast of Jenin.  An hour later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.  At approximately 12:30, they established a similar checkpoint at the entrance of al-Jalma village, north of the city.  At approximately 13:00, another checkpoint was established at the western entrance of Musaliyah village, south of Jenin.  At approximately 20:00, another checkpoint was established on the road between Kafr Dan village and al-Yamoun village, north of the city.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:30 on Saturday, 16 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ya’abod village, southwest of Jenin.  All checkpoints were removed later, and no arrests were later removed.

 

· Salfit:  Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 10:45 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of Salfit.  They prevented movement after closing the gate established at the aforementioned entrance.  However, they later re-opened it and allowed movement. 

 

At approximately 20:30 on Friday, 15 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at thee ntrance of Deir balut village, west of Salfit.  The checkpoint was removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 07:30 on Sunday, 17 November 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Qarawet Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit.  The checkpoint was removed later, and no arrests were reported.

 

Arrests and Maltreatment at military checkpoints

 

  At approximately 22:30 on Friday, 15 November 2013, Isaeli forces arrested 4 young men from al-'Arqa village, northwest of Jenin, under the pretext of being near the annexation wall, which is established on the village lands.  Eyewitnesses stated that while 'Alaa’ Bassam 'Abdel Rahman Yehia (19); Nasim Mahmoud Mohammed Waked (19); Hasan Hakam Hasan Yehia (19); and Karem Amin 'Abdel Malek Hammad (19) were playing in the farmlands near the annexation wall, an Israeli military force advanced towards them and arrested them.  They then took them to an unknown destination.

 

 At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 17 November 2013, Israeli forces stationed at the entrance of al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, arrested 'Othman Yousif Masharqah (13) from al-Hejri village adjacent to the south of the camp.  The aforementioned child was then taken to the police station of "Karyat Arb’a" settlement, southeast of Hebron and handed him to the Palestinian Military Liaison at approximately 16:00.

 

 At approximately 14:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli forces stationed at the southern entrance of Halhoul, north of Hebron, arrested Ibrahim Khalil Zama’arah (14).  At approximately 16:00, they handed him to the Palestinian Military Liaison.

 

 At approximately 11:00 on Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces deployed to the south of the old city in Hebron arrested Mohammed Majdi Banat (15) when he was near Tariq Ben Ziyad School.  He was then transferred to "Ja’abrah" police station near al-Ibrahimi Mosque in the centre of the old city.

 

 At approximately 22:00 on the same day, Israeli soldiers stationed at Tayaseer, east of Tubas, stopped a white (Mercedes Etka) car loaded with vegetables belonging to Mahdi 'Abdel Rahman Faqha when he was on his way from the northern Jordan Valley to Tubas.  They asked as usual for his identity card.  After checking it, they returned the identity and asked him to leave.  When he moved the car, the Israeli soldiers moved the tire screws positioned on the road.  As a result, the driver shouted in protest against what they did, and asked them to see the officer in charge.  However, the soldiers responded that he is not here and asked him to leave his cell phone number to call him when comes.

 

 At approximately 11:30 on the same day, the Israeli Civil Administration confiscated a (Nisan Licender) vehicle provided by the UNICEF to the Palestinian Ministry of Education near Kherbet (ruin on a hill) Safi al-Tahta.  The car is used for transferring students from Kherab threatened of displacement, south of Yata, south of Hebron, to al-Mosafer Mixed School.  It was confiscated under the pretext of being in the military training area (918 areas).  The driver, Mofid Hussein 'Awad Abu Qabita (34) was as well detained for a couple of hours.

 

Mofid Abu Qabita said to a PCHR fieldworker that:

"I work as a driver at the Directorate of Education in Hebron, where I transport students from al-Kherab threatened of displacement and confiscation in the southeastern areas, east of Yata, to al-Mosafer Mixed School by a (Nisan Licander) vehicle provided by UNICEF.  At approximately 11:30, on Monday, 18 November 2013, I was on my way back from school to Safi al-Tahta village in order to drive the last student.  When the student got out of the vehicle, I was surprised with a military a Hummer military vehicle and a white Mitsubishi Pajero car belonging to the Civil Administration stooping beside me.  A Civil Administration officer got out of his car, asked for my ID card and the car papers and told me to turn off the engine.  The Israeli soldiers deployed in the vicinity of the vehicle.  The Civil Administration officer then headed to his car and went back to me 15 minutes later.  He told me: What are you doing here? I said: I transport students from al-Mosafer School.  He answered that this is a shooting area, and there are no schools in here adding that they will get me out of this area.  One of the Israeli soldiers told me that he will get in the car with me, and the Hummer was behind me and the Mitsubishi in front of me.  My ID card and the vehicle papers were held with them.  When we arrived to "Kerma’il" settlement, which is 3 kilometers away from Safi al-Tahta area.  The Civil Administration car stopped and the officer got out of it telling me: you will now get in my car and we will bring a drag truck to take your car, which one of the soldiers will drive.  I told him: This is my car. I am responsible for it and none will drive it but me.  He then said: We will go to "Ghosh 'Atsyon" settlement, and I then drove behind him with the Hummer behind me.  When we arrived at "Karyat Arbaa’" settlement, we stopped and the Hummer left to the south.  The officer then asked me to drive the car to "Ghosh 'Atsyon".  When we arrived there, I entered the car to a yard, where cars park in as he asked.  He took photos of it and asked me to take my personal belongings out of the car and to put them in a certain room at the entrance.  He then took me to one of the officers telling me that you are caught for the second time in a military area, and that the Palestinian Military Liaison talked to us in order to release you.  He then took the vehicle key after a long argument and handed me a seizure report holding number (1951) and signed by "the Central Unit for Supervision and Inspection".  He asked me to sign two pieces of paper, but I refused telling him that I will not sign any papers written in Hebrew.  He then signed them, and I left to the settlement in the evening."

 

 On Tuesday afternoon, 20 November 2013, Israeli forces stationed at Barta’ah arrested 'Abdel Hadi Mohammed Saleh Bari (19) when he was on his way back from work in the eastern Barta’ah village, which is isolated from its surrounding due to the annexation wall, west of Jenin.

 

 At approximately 23:00 on the aforementioned Tuesday, Israeli forces stationed at Shafi Shamrone checkpoint, northwest of Nablus, arrested 'Emad 'Abdullah Dawoud (22) and 'Amr Taysir Subhi Mabrouk (21) from 'Ein Beit al-Maa’ refugee camp, west of Nablus.  Eyewitnesses said that the soldier stationed at the checkpoint stopped the car. Which Dawoud and Mabrouk were travelling, and asked them to get out of the car under weapon threat.  They then put them near the checkpoint to take them later to an unknown destination.

 

Arrest of a Patient from Rafah at Beit Hanoun Crossing:

 

 At approximately 08:00 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces arrested Abdullah Ahmed Ouda Abu Athera (24), from al-Shaboura neighborhood in Rafah, when he went to an interview with the Israeli intelligence service at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing.  It should be noted that the aforementioned civilian submitted via the Palestinian Liaison to obtain a permit for treatment at Augusta Victoria (al-Muttale') Hospital in Jerusalem.   The interview is a prerequisite in order to obtain a permit to enter Israel. His father, Ahmed 'Ouda Abu Atherah said to a PCHR fieldworker that on Friday 15 November, he received a phone call informing that his son is arrested by Israeli forces.  He added that his son has been suffering from hearing and ear disorders. . It was scheduled that he would undergo the operation on Friday, 15 November 2013.

 

 At approximately 12:30 on Tuesday, 12 November 2013, Israeli soldiers deployed in the old city neighborhoods in the centre of Hebron arrested 4 children, who were on their way back from school, under the pretext of throwing stones at Israeli soldiers.  They were then taken to "Ja'abrah" police station near al-Ibrahimi Mosque.  The arrested were identified as: Mohanned Amin Al-Bakri (15); Mohammed Ghleb al-Rajbi (14); his brother, 'Alaa', (15); and Foaa'd 'Asem al-Batsh (17).

 

 

 

4. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Their Property

 On Thursday morning, 14 November 2013, Israeli forces, backed with Heavy military bulldozers, leveled farmlands, south of Ya’abod village near the main bypass road, which leads to "Movedtan" settlement established on Palestinian lands between Jenin and the northern villages of Tulakrm, southwest of Jenin.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 00:00, Israeli forces, backed with heavy military bulldozers, leveled farmlands near the aforementioned bypass road 20 meters wide starting from the gate of "Movedtan" settlement to the intersection of Emreiheyah village (around 3 kilometers long).  A local source said to a PCHR fieldworker that these leveled lands belong to around 70 civilians from Ya’abod village.  Israeli forces uprooted 100 olive trees under the pretext of security claims.  It should be mentioned that Israeli forces had earlier notified the village residents that they would level this area.  In response, Ya’abod village hired a Palestinian lawyer from inside Israel to submit a petition to the Israeli High Court of Justice against the Israeli decision to level the lands though those lands were actually leveled.

 

 On Monday, 14 November 2013, 4 settlers infiltrated to a house belonging to the family of Khaled 'Abdel Rahman Mahmoud Dar Khalil from Sanjal village, north of Ramallah.  The settlers poured an incendiary material inside the house balcony, which was closed by glass, and put it on fire.  As a result, the sofas, chairs and furniture in the balcony caught fire.  The settlers then wrote a slogan in blue color in Hebrew on a wall outside the house that says "Hey, in revenge for the killing of Eden" in reference to the Israeli soldier, who was killed by a Palestinian child in al-'Afoulah inside Israel only one day before this assault.

Khaled 'Abdel Rahman Dar Khalil said to a PCHR fieldworker that:

"My wife, 5 kids, aged between 2-7 years, and I were in our house, northeast of Sanjal village, north of Ramallah, at the entrance of the village near the Bypass Road (60), Ramallah-Nablus Street, at approximately 01:15 on Thursday, 14 November 2013, My wife and I woke up to the sound of my son’s, 'Abdel Rahman (2), crying, and she then breastfed him.  Approximately 15 minutes later, my wife told me that there is noise outside, and I expected that they were the Israeli forces.  I immediately looked through the window to see 4 persons dressed in khaki pants and black shirts and the balcony window smashed.  They then poured an incendiary material and put the balcony on fire. As a result, the sofas, chairs and furniture in the balcony caught fire.  The settlers then wrote a slogan in blue color in Hebrew on a wall outside the house that says "Hey, in revenge for the killing of Eden".  I immediately turned on the outside searchlight, so they ran away in a white car parked 60 meters away from the house near the aforementioned street heading to "Shilo" settlement.  I called via my cell phone some friends for help and one of the village residents hurried to extinguish the fire.  Due to the intensive smoke and flames, the electricity went off in the house.  My wife and I took the kids to the roof using the light of the cell phone.  After around 40 minutes, a vehicle fire belonging to the Civil Defense arrived at the place and extinguished the fire.  Around an hour later, Israeli forces and police arrived at the place and took some photos for the house.  They then took his written statement about what happened and asked him to attend to Benyamin police station in order to file an official complaint"

· At approximately 15:00 on the aforementioned Thursday, a group of settlers, under heavy guard of Israeli forces, raided one of the ancient archaeological areas, west of al-Samou’a village, south of Hebron, and perform religious rituals.  The settlers and Israeli forces later withdrew, no further incidents were reported.

 

 On Thursday afternoon, a group of settlers from "Eddy 'Aad" settlement, which is established on the east of Termes’ayah lands, north of Ramallah, uprooted 75 seedlings in the al-Sabiha agricultural area, east of the village and 3 kilometers away from the aforementioned settlement.  The attacked seedlings belong to Sa’id Fawzi Yousif 'Abdullah, who planted them on Monday, 11 November 2013, on a six-dunum land.

 

 At approximately 15 November 2013, dozens of settlers under heavy guard of Israeli forces obstructed the movement at the entrance of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, holding banners that had racist bearing anti-Arab slogans.

 

 On Sunday morning, 17 November 2013, a number of settlers from "Afijal" settlement established on Palestinian lands, east of Yata, south of Hebron, cut 106 olive trees belonging to Mos’af family in Mo’in valley, east of Yata, using hand saws

Khader Mohammed Mos’af (53) said to a PCHR fieldworker that:

"We live in al-Jarfan area, west of Yatta, and we own a 100-dunum tract of land in Mo’in valley, east of Yatta.  Fifty dunums of this land belong to my Granfather, 'Atiyah 'Abed Raboh Mos’af, my brothers and I bought 25 dunums 3 years ago, and 25 dunums belong to my uncle, 'Abel Nabi 'Atiyah Mos’af.  This land has been planted with olive trees for years, and the rest of it has been planted at different times.  On Sunday early morning, 17 November 2013, Belal (27), my son, went to the land.  At approximately 10:00, He called me to tell me that the trees were cut with handsaws. I immediately called my uncle and my brother, 'Omer, to tell about what happened and they directly headed to the land.  After shortly arriving, they called me telling me that a shepherd called an officer at the Israeli "B'Tselem" Information Centre for Human Rights.  Therefore, the officer arrived at the place and told the Israeli police, which came to the place as well, about what happened.  We found out that 106 olive trees were cut, including 58 trees aged 3 years, 12 trees aged 13 years, and 36 trees aged 6 years.  Out land is 800 meters away from "Afijal" settlement.  The Israeli police took the testimony of my uncle and brother on what happened telling them to attend the next day to "Karyat Arbaa’" police station in order to file a complaint.  It should be mentioned that the electrify poles, which are in front of the land, are equipped with surveillance cameras.  However, the Israeli police procrastinates searching for the doers, and provide them protection"

 

· At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 18 November 2013, Israeli forces, backed with 4 military vehicles, two vehicles belonging to the construction and organization department of the Israeli Civil Administration and a digger, moved into al-Deirat village, northeast of Yatta, south of Hebron.  The Israeli soldiers deployed in the place and prevented civilians from moving in the area.  The Civil Administration officers confiscated 120 square meters of the construction bricks of the new village mosque under the pretext of building without a construction permit.

Mohammed Hasan A’amour said to a PCHR fieldworker that:

"I live in al-Dirat village, northeast of Yatta, where I own a 19-dunum tract of land.  On 20 October 2013, I started building a 184- square-meter mosque on a part of the land and at our own expense.  On 26 October 2013, we ceiled the mosque with ready-mix concrete.  On Sunday, 27 October 2013, a vehicle belonging to the construction and organization department of the Israeli Civil Administration, arrived at the place and handed us a notice to halt construction works in the mosque under the pretext of lack of permit. The notice, which holds number (152627), selected 10 November 2013 as a date to hold a session at the Construction and inspection committee of the Israeli Court.  After receiving the notice, we headed to Yatta Municipality in order to donate the tract of land to the Ministry of Awqaf (Endowment).  However, the procedures took so long, so we donated it to the joint village council.  The council prepared land and property papers and the necessary maps, and it delivered them to a lawyer to follow the case.  At approximately 06:30 on 18 November 2013, 4 military vehicles, accompanied with 2 vehicles belonging to the construction and organization department of the Israeli Civil Administration and a digger arrived at the place and stopped near the mosque.  Israeli soldiers deployed in the vicinity of it and prevented us from approaching.  At that moment, I talked with a Civil Administration officer and told him that we submitted our papers to the court.  I then show him the case receipt, but he did not take notice to my words. The digger confiscated 120 square meters of the mosque construction bricks, which costs US$ 4,000and were bought to complete the construction works.  The officer then told me that construction work in the mosque is forbidden and handed me a notice on the confiscated bricks."

 

 At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 18 November 2013, civilians were surprised in Qasrah village, southeast of Nablus, with settlers uprooting 38 olive seedlings, aged between 1 year and 4 years, belonging to 'Ali 'Abdel Hamid Hasan, Walid Tawfiq Salamah Hasan, and Tal’at Fawzi Hasan.  Settlers tried to demolish an agricultural room belonging to 'Ali 'Abdel Hamid Hassan, but they could not.  The farmers think that the settlers are from "Yash Kasoush" settlement outpost established on Kamel and al-Marah Qetaa’ area in the aforementioned village.  Following that, the local village council was informed that they informed the Palestinian Military Liaison about this assault.  Around a half an hour later, Israeli police, backed with Israeli forces, arrived at the place, and inspect damages.

 

 At approximately 03:10 on Tuesday, 19 November 2013, 3 settlers infiltrated from "Hafa Gel’ad" settlement to Fer’etah village, northeast of Qalqilya, and set a truck and vehicle belonging to Bahjat Mohammed Mahmoud Soliman, on fire.  He always parks his car next to his house.

Majdi Ibrahim Salah Soliman (30), cousin of Soliman, said to a PCHR fieldworker that:

"At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 19 November 2013, my cousins woke up to go for their work in Israel and noticed the flames near the house of Bahjat.  They then called him and extinguished fire using available hoses.  The flames burnt a 2003 truck that costs 30,000 NIS, and a silver Mercedes car, which costs 60,000 NIS.  After extinguishing fire, we found some slogans in Hebrew written on the surrounding walls.  My cousin has surveillance cameras, which we reviewed, and found out that at approximately 03:10, 3 masked settlers entered the place and carried out the attack.  We informed the concerned authorities, and an Israeli officer came and took the camera alleging that he will take a copy of the tape and will give it back in the evening."

 

5. Effort to Create a Jewish Demographic Majority in occupied East Jerusalem

On Thursday, 14 November 2013, the Israeli district planning and construction committee approved "The National Park" plan to be located on part of the lands of al-Tur and al-Issawiya villages in East Jerusalem.  According to information available at PCHR, this plan will confiscate 740 dunums of the Palestinian lands in the two aforementioned villages resulting in depriving their residents of the urban expansion towards these lands.

 

The Jerusalem Civic Coalition noted that on 18 November 2012, the local committee for planning and building filed plan no. (11092) to object the establishment of "the national park", whose official plan extends over an area of 738 dunums confiscated from the territory of al-Issawiya and al-Tur.  The initial plan was created in 2005 suggesting the establishment of a park on an area of 738 dunums that extends from the south of al-Issawiya village to the north of al-Tur village.  However, in 2009, this plan was cancelled and the 11092 plan was formulated.  In July 2009 and with a joint initiative between the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem, Jerusalem Development Authority and the Israel Nature and Parks Authority, the "National Park" plan, which was submitted to the planning committee, was completed.  It was decided in the final copy of the plan that lands owned by the Hebrew University would not be used for "the national park" meaning that more lands owned by Palestinians would be subject to confiscation in order to implement the plan.  On 05 April 2011, the local committee for planning and building approved the project.

 

The Civic Coalition said that the purpose of implementing the 11092 plan is that the eastern slope of "the French Hill" will be known as "a national park" under the 1988 Law of Parks, Reserves and the National Archives and Souvenirs.  Moreover, according to the 2030 Master Plan, the 11092 plan aims to link this park with the "Holy Basin".  According to the declaration of the Israeli planning organization, "The National Park" is of great importance to the Israeli authorities because it represents the eastern gate of Jerusalem.  Furthermore, according to the plan, the site must appear as an open area due to its strategic and archaeological significance in addition to the need for maintenance of the nature.  On the other hand, the Israeli authorities argue that the area, where "the National Park" will be established, constitutes an integral part of "the Israeli cultural heritage".  They claim that establishing this park "constitutes a way to maintain the religious and cultural significance of the site".  In addition, the site as a whole represents an archaeological area, and the construction work requires coordination with the Antiquities Authority, which works under the Israeli Antiquities Law.

 

According to the plan, the legal status of the land was changed from lands designated for public building into "national parks".  Thus, building or planning for the public interest is prevented in order to pave the way for "the national park".  Moreover, the park aims to link the Hebrew University from the west with the main street of "Ma'aleh Adomim" settlement in the east, and al-Tur village in the south to al-Issawiya in the north.  On the other hand, future tourism projects will be established in the area under the plan.

 

"The National Park" plan is a strategic part of the implementation of the Master Plan as the park will surround Palestinian neighborhoods.  In the same context, Israeli authorities do not work on putting plans that meet the Palestinians’ growing need to live in these neighborhoods.  Thus, establishing that park will deepen the housing crisis of Palestinians in East Jerusalem, which suffers from a lack of around 46,000 housing units.  The Israeli authorities’ attempt to increase the shortage of Palestinian housing units in Jerusalem, and routine refusal to grant building permits creates social, psychological and economical problems in the affected communities.

 

According to a position paper prepared by Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Centre on this plan on 18 November 2011, the Israel Municipality of Jerusalem announced the filing of a plan to establish a national park on the territory of al-Issawiya and al-Tur that aims to surround the Palestinian neighborhoods in Jerusalem with illegal settlement blocs seeking to impose new facts on the ground in order to change the demographic situation of Jerusalem and reduce the lands that could be used for urban sprawl in the city. The Centre also pointed out that "ratification of this plan will lead to confirmation of confiscation of 740 dunums of the territory of al-Issawiya and al-Tur, which have been both subject to different waves of confiscation of more than 12,000 dunums since 1967, including parts of "Ma'aleh Adomim" settlement, Hebrew University, Hadassa Hospital, lands of the two camps in al-Masharef Mountain and west of al-Issawiya, and tracts of the eastern side’s lands, which was separated from Jerusalem due to the establishment of the annexation wall.  The centre also said that this plan is in harmony with a larger settlement plan to create geographical contiguity between Jerusalem and each of "Ma'aleh Adumim" settlement and the northeastern settlements of Jerusalem taking into consideration that the area is the gate of Jerusalem in the area of (E1) settlement plan.  The position paper also notes that this plan will directly link the northeastern settlements of Jerusalem,  "’Anatout", "Yamin Adam", "Jev’a Ben"; "Besaghot", " Kokhaf Ya’aqoub" and others, with Jerusalem within a plan, through which these settlement blocs will be maintained under the Israeli control.  This will be achieved through establishing a safe security network for settlers only and another network for Palestinians, so both parties will not meet.

 

 

 


 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

PCHR emphasizes the international community’s position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, which is still under the Israeli occupation, in spite of the Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli force have continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is an international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.

 

In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the continued aggression against civilians in the Gaza Strip, especially the latest offensive that lasted for 8 days in November, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union – in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law – to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:

 

1. PCHR calls upon the international community and the United Nations to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination, through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine;

2. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to provide international protection to Palestinians in the oPt, and to ensure the non-recurrence of aggression against the oPt, especially the Gaza Strip;

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to compel Israel, as a High Contracting Party to the Conventions, to apply the Conventions in the oPt;

4. PCHR calls upon the Parties to international human rights instruments, especially the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to pressurize Israel to comply with their provisions in the oPt, and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the concerned committees;

5. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfil their obligation to ensure the application of the Conventions, including extending the scope of their jurisdiction in order to prosecute suspected war criminals, regardless of the nationality of the perpetrator and the place of a crime, to pave the way for prosecuting suspected Israeli war criminals and end the longstanding impunity they have enjoyed;

6. PCHR calls on States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction not to surrender to Israeli pressure to limit universal jurisdiction to perpetuate the impunity enjoyed by suspected Israeli war criminals;

7. PCHR calls upon the international community to act in order to stop all Israeli settlement expansion activities in the oPt through imposing sanctions on Israeli settlements and criminalizing trading with them;

8. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly to transfer the Goldstone Report to the UN Security Council in order to refer it to the International Criminal Court in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Rome Statute;

9. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to confirm that holding war criminals in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a precondition to achieve stability and peace in the regions, and that peace cannot be built on the expense of human rights and victims;

10. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council to explicitly declare that the Israeli closure policy in Gaza and the annexation wall in the West Bank are illegal, and accordingly refer the two issues to the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel to compel it to remove them;

11. PCHR calls upon the international community, in light of its failure to the stop the aggression on the Palestinian people, to at least fulfil its obligation to reconstruct the Gaza Strip after the series of hostilities launched by Israel which directed targeted the civilian infrastructure;

12. PCHR calls upon the United Nations and the European Union to express a clear position towards the annexation wall following the international recognition of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders, as the annexation wall seizes large parts of the State of Palestine;

13. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that both sides must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel, and the EU must not ignore Israeli violation and crimes against Palestinian civilians;

14. PCHR calls upon the Palestinian leadership to sign and accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Geneva Conventions, and calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, to encourage the State of Palestine to accede to international human rights law and humanitarian law instruments.

 

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website www.pchrgaza.org or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or telephone +972 08 282 4776 – 282 5893.

 



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