uruknet.info
  اوروكنت.إنفو
     
    informazione dal medio oriente
    information from middle east
    المعلومات من الشرق الأوسط

[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 13/11/2018 22:34 ] 77975


english italiano

  [ Subscribe our newsletter!   -   Iscriviti alla nostra newsletter! ]  




[77975]



Uruknet on Alexa


End Gaza Siege
End Gaza Siege

>

:: Segnala Uruknet agli amici. Clicka qui.
:: Invite your friends to Uruknet. Click here.




:: Segnalaci un articolo
:: Tell us of an article






Reflections on Nakba Day 2011, from the Palestinian diaspora

By Mahdi Sabbagh

22n419x.jpg

+ 972, May 22, 2011

Following the inspiring yet tragic events of May 15th, when many Palestinians in various countries demonstrated to mark Nakba Day, and the general build-up to that day, I have been attempting to make sense of the protests, Israel’s brutal response and the political connotations and media craze that followed; not so much from an 'international relations’ political perspective but from a cultural-political perspective. The following reflection centers on the internal narratives and realities of the Palestinian people. It does not address the relationship between the Palestinian and the Israeli narrative; which would be a constructive exercise for a different piece.

This Nakba day, unlike previous Nakba days, constituted a regional, synchronized act of awakening: an act of defiance and non-violent protest, self-consciously playing on the psyche of both Israelis and Palestinians. For the general Israeli public, the protests created a symbolic yet very real 'threat’ to the Israeli bubble: daunting natives coming in from 'enemy’ territories from every direction, flooding Israel with fear and anxiety. For the entire Palestinian population the protests represented a re-birth; a renewal in their ability to be actors and not merely victims, a comforting signal that the Palestinian plight has not come to a halt.

While thousands upon thousands of flag-carrying refugees flocked to the borders of Israel, Western media stood in awe attempting to analyze the events. The result was half-baked remarks on Iran and Syria, demonstrating a failure to understand what the Nakba day commemoration truly meant for the people who were protesting.

First and foremost the synchronized protests, from Lebanon to the Syrian Golan Heights, from the West Bank to Gaza, from Jaffa to Cairo and Amman were interconnected, not by a shared political view of Israel’s existence or rights, but by language, culture and identity. The action solidified through satellites and fiber optics, leaning on Facebook and Twitter  as tools used to time the events and organize the necessary logistics. While fermented by the recent wave of Arab revolutionary spirit and courage, it is important to note that the Palestinian protests stemmed from a pre-existing sense of communal loss and societal mourning: a shared feeling of defeat transformed this week into a sense of entitlement to the ancestral land and a call for action.

The protest’s message and spatial-organizational character is based on familiar rituals that have been used to commemorate the Nakba for decades: what professor Sari Hanafi so eloquently described as rites of return or a broader 'sociology of return’ in Crossing Borders, Shifting Boundaries: Palestinian Dilemmas (American University in Cairo, 2008).

In the decade that followed the Nakba of 1948, many Palestinians attempted to return to their homes and cross the newly defined immediately-internationally-recognized border of the Israeli state. They were received with bullets, often shot dead. The concept of 'returning’ was very quickly understood to be a right for which they would have to fight.

More significantly, however, the return as a rite has existed in many shapes and forms, from yearly protests in Nazareth and Umm Al-Fahm on Nakba day, to the public art projects of the refugee camps. 'Return’ essentially constituted the cornerstone of Palestinian art and visual culture since 1948. The collective memory of the Nakba is illustrated, over and over again through imagery representing mass exodus, destroyed villages and uprooted trees. This production of a national visual culture has cemented the shared beliefs and aspirations that a return is a sacred right, a goal and an inevitable continuation of the national narrative.

In a very much connected pattern, the recent protests’ subsequent flourishing of imagery, YouTube videos and photographic series created yet another layer of visual documentation, yet another source from which Palestinians can recall the communal loss, mourn and create.

The plethora of imagery flowing across Al-Jazeera, YouTube and Facebook breathed life into the millions of Palestinians across the globe.  The parallels between the recent protests and the familiar 1948 black and white photos were striking. As I saw the congregation of protesters at the Lebanese border, the 1948 exodus photographs (cemented into my consciousness since birth) popped right back into my mind. As a Nablus-based colleague of mine said, "When I saw young people protesting in remembrance, I knew for sure that our cause will be there for generation to come. It is not just a dream anymore."

The awakening and sense of empowerment that many of us felt on May 15th was especially powerful given the visual familiar grounds from which the protests were inspired.

When we think of the 'Return’ many of us think of a ceremonial moment, lines of refugees and their descendents walking back into the landscape, an 'inverted’ Nakba. This image is merely collective memory and obviously unrealistic. Yet the protests allowed our minds to venture into the utopian domain of mass return. This newly-found empowerment varies for different Palestinians communities in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, the Palestinian Territories and the larger diaspora, each living different geo-political realities.

May 15th represented a moment of spatialization for Palestinians who have lived in countries whose now-falling regimes have spent their resources mystifying Israel as an 'enemy’ entity. It permitted them to see Israel as a reality, as a concrete border, a political entity and most importantly, geographically close.

Across the border, for Palestinians in Haifa and Nazareth, the romanticized prospects of seeing Damascus or dancing in Beirut became more than merely a dream, and suddenly appeared possible.

For once the rite of return, traditionally a haunting, artistic subconscious of the Palestinian psyche became contemporary and concrete.

The goal was clearly not to physically 'return’ (yet), as none of the protesters were carrying their belongings, but to keep the ritual of return alive. The protests accomplished just that, bringing the paintings of Suleiman Mansour, the murals of Dheisheh refugee camp, the writings of Ghada Karmi and the films of AnneMarie Jacir to life. Return was re-introduced into the immediate Palestinian conceptualization of their rights, into Israeli society’s phobias and perhaps even into the wave of change sweeping the Arab World.

Mahdi Sabbagh was born in East Jerusalem. He is based in New York City where is training to be an architect/urban planner. He has briefly worked with the UNRWA Camp Development Unit, Decolonizing Architecture, and L.E.F.T. architects and is now training at Robert A.M. Stern Architects. When not fully immersed in architecture, Mahdi enjoys venturing into political activism, writing and tweeting.


:: Article nr. 77975 sent on 23-may-2011 03:41 ECT

www.uruknet.info?p=77975



:: The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website.

The section for the comments of our readers has been closed, because of many out-of-topics.
Now you can post your own comments into our Facebook page: www.facebook.com/uruknet




Warning: include(./share/share2.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385

Warning: include(): Failed opening './share/share2.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/local/php5_4/lib/php') in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385



       
[ Printable version ] | [ Send it to a friend ]


[ Contatto/Contact ] | [ Home Page ] | [Tutte le notizie/All news ]







Uruknet on Twitter




:: RSS updated to 2.0

:: English
:: Italiano



:: Uruknet for your mobile phone:
www.uruknet.mobi


Uruknet on Facebook






:: Motore di ricerca / Search Engine


uruknet
the web



:: Immagini / Pictures


Initial
Middle




The newsletter archive




L'Impero si è fermato a Bahgdad, by Valeria Poletti


Modulo per ordini




subscribe

:: Newsletter

:: Comments


Haq Agency
Haq Agency - English

Haq Agency - Arabic


AMSI
AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - English

AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - Arabic




Font size
Carattere
1 2 3





:: All events








     

[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 13/11/2018 22:34 ]




Uruknet receives daily many hacking attempts. To prevent this, we have 10 websites on 6 servers in different places. So, if the website is slow or it does not answer, you can recall one of the other web sites: www.uruknet.info www.uruknet.de www.uruknet.biz www.uruknet.org.uk www.uruknet.com www.uruknet.org - www.uruknet.it www.uruknet.eu www.uruknet.net www.uruknet.web.at.it




:: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more info go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
::  We always mention the author and link the original site and page of every article.
uruknet, uruklink, iraq, uruqlink, iraq, irak, irakeno, iraqui, uruk, uruqlink, saddam hussein, baghdad, mesopotamia, babilonia, uday, qusay, udai, qusai,hussein, feddayn, fedayn saddam, mujaheddin, mojahidin, tarek aziz, chalabi, iraqui, baath, ba'ht, Aljazira, aljazeera, Iraq, Saddam Hussein, Palestina, Sharon, Israele, Nasser, ahram, hayat, sharq awsat, iraqwar,irakwar All pictures

 

I nostri partner - Our Partners:


TEV S.r.l.

TEV S.r.l.: hosting

www.tev.it

Progetto Niz

niz: news management

www.niz.it

Digitbrand

digitbrand: ".it" domains

www.digitbrand.com

Worlwide Mirror Web-Sites:
www.uruknet.info (Main)
www.uruknet.com
www.uruknet.net
www.uruknet.org
www.uruknet.us (USA)
www.uruknet.su (Soviet Union)
www.uruknet.ru (Russia)
www.uruknet.it (Association)
www.uruknet.web.at.it
www.uruknet.biz
www.uruknet.mobi (For Mobile Phones)
www.uruknet.org.uk (UK)
www.uruknet.de (Germany)
www.uruknet.ir (Iran)
www.uruknet.eu (Europe)
wap.uruknet.info (For Mobile Phones)
rss.uruknet.info (For Rss Feeds)
www.uruknet.tel

Vat Number: IT-97475012153