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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (09 – 15 Feb. 2012)

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)

16pchr-w7-2012.jpg

Destruction incurred to an animal farm in the east of Gaza as a result of an Israeli air strike which resulted in the death of an old Palestinian civilian

February 16, 2012

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Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

A Palestinian old man was killed and his son was wounded, east of Gaza City.

Two rooms were destroyed and two houses were damaged.

A large number of animals and birds were killed.

 

IOF have continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

6 protesters, including 3 media workers, were wounded.

 

IOF have used force against protests in support of Palestinian prisoner Adnan Khader.

8 protesters, including 4 media workers and a PLC member, were wounded.

 

 

IOF conducted 72 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

3 civilians were wounded when IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, south of Jericho.

IOF arrested 26 Palestinians, including a child and two Palestinians who were recently released from Israeli jails, in the West Bank.

 

IOF have continued to attack Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip.

IOF arrested 5 fishermen, including a child.

IOF confiscated 3 fishing boats.

 

Israel has continued to impose a total closure on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

 

Israel has continued efforts to create a Jewish majority in East Jerusalem.

IOF bulldozed a house and a playground.

The Israeli Municipality approved the construction of a large building in the yard of the al-Buraq Wall.

 

IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

IOF bulldozed 5 barracks and destroyed 4 tents in the east of Nablus.

IOF destroyed 6 residential tents and bulldozed 8 animal farms and, a groundwater well and destroyed 10 beehives in Hebron.

250 olive trees and 30 fig trees were uprooted in Tormos'aya, northeast of Ramallah.

Israeli settlers attacked 5 Palestinian civilians who were under protection by IOF.

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (09 – 15 February 2012):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed an old Palestinian man and wounded his son in the Gaza Strip.  In the West Bank, IOF wounded 17 Palestinians, including 7 media workers and a PLC member.  Six of the Palestinians wounded in the West Bank were wounded in peaceful protests against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities, 8 Palestinians were wounded in peaceful demonstrations organized in support of Palestinian prisoner Adnan Khader, and three Palestinian were wounded when IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, south of Jericho.

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed a Palestinian old man, Abdul Karim al-Zaytoona, 71, and wounded his son, Mohammed, 22, when an IOF F16 aircraft fired a missile on 11 February 2012 at an animal farm.  The man and his son were in a room near the targeted farm.

 

On 11 February 2012, IOF warplanes fired at least one missile at the house of Musa Juma'a Eyada al-Teir in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah.  The missile hit a tin room in the yard of the house.  The room was destroyed and set alight but no casualties were reported.  Additionally, a neighboring house was damaged.

 

Twenty five minutes later, IOF warplanes fired a missile at an agricultural room in al-Qarara village, north of Khan Yunis.  The room was totally destroyed but no casualties were reported.

 

Another 20 minutes later, IOF warplanes fired a missile at an open area in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in the south of the Gaza Strip.  The targeted area is located around 1,000 meters from the border with Israel.  No casualties were reported.

 

On 13 February 2012, IOF stationed at the border in the east of al-Bureij refugee camp, in middle Gaza, opened extensive fire at the border area in the east of the refugee camp.  IOF continued firing for around 15 minutes.  No casualties were reported.

 

On 12 February 2012, IOF arrested 2 Palestinian fishermen who were sailing 2 nautical miles off al-Waha resort, in the north of the Gaza Strip.

 

On 13 February 2012, IOF opened extensive fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing off al-Waha resort, in the north of the Gaza Strip.  They surrounded 2 fishing boats and arrested 2 Palestinian fishermen who were on board of the two boats.

 

On 14 February 2012, IOF opened extensive fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing off al-Waha resort, in the north of the Gaza Strip.  They surrounded a fishing boat and arrested a Palestinian fisherman who was on board of the boat.

 

On 14 February 2012, IOF opened extensive fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing 1,500 meters off al-Soudaneya area.  They fishermen were forced to sail 5,000 meters to the south and wait in sea to the morning to return and look for their fishing nets.  IOF opened fire at the fishermen every time they went to look for their fishing nets.  They fishermen were unable to get their nets back.

 

 

In the West Bank, during the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall in the West Bank.  As a result, 6 protesters, including 3 media workers and a local activist, were wounded.  Additionally, dozens of protesters suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

IOF also used excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organized in support of Palestinain prisoner Adnan Khader. As a result, 8 Palestinians, including 4 media workers and a PLC member, sustained wounds.  Additionally dozens of protesters suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

Further, on 11 February 2012, IOF wounded three Palestinians when they entered into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, south of Jericho.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 72 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 26 Palestinian civilians, including a child. 

 

Restrictions on Movement:

 

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including the occupied East Jerusalem.

 

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over four years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  

 

IOF have tightened the closure of the Gaza Strip and practically made Karm Abu Salem crossing as the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip although it is not proper for commercial purposes in terms of its distance and operational capacity.

 

IOF have continued to apply their policy aimed at tightening the strangulation of the commercial movement in the Gaza Strip, including imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

The total closure of al-Mentar "Karni" crossing on 02 March 2011 has created a bitter situation that has seriously affected the Gaza Strip.  Following this closure, all the economic and commercial establishments in Gaza Commercial Zone were shut off.  It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in the Gaza Strip in terms of its operational capacity to absorb the flow of imports and exports.  The decision over al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of decisions to endure the closure on the strip such as the total closure of Sofa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2009, and Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which was dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

 

These statistics which were made available to PCHR by the Border and Crossings Department indicate a continued drop in the number of truckloads of Gaza imports and exports.

 

IOF have continued to impose total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities.  The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population in the Gaza Strip.

 

The cooking gas crisis which has erupted last November has continued to affect the Gaza Strip.  This crisis was created when, on 04 January 2012, the Israeli occupation authorities totally closed Nahal Oz crossing, which used to be dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas supplies to Gaza, and shifted fuel and cooking gas supplies to Karm Abu Salem crossing, which is not technically equipped to receive Gaza's needs of fuel.  Karm Abu Salem crossing, with its maximum absorptive capacity, can receive only 200 tons of cooking gas per day.

 

Approximately 80% of Gaza civilians have continued to depend on alimentary aid provided by UNRWA and other relief agencies. The rate of families who are living below poverty line have continued to rise and approximately 40% of Gaza's manpower has continued to suffer from permanent unemployment as a result of shutting down the majority of Gaza's economic establishments.

 

IOF have continued to impose a total ban on the export of Gaza's products, especially industrial products, leading to undermining any real chances to revive economic establishments.  The situation has been aggravated especially after leaving Karm Abu Salem crossing as Gaza sole commercial crossing and the repeated closure of this crossing, which negatively affected the quantity of Gazan products allowed to be exported since last April.

 

IOF have continued to delay the implementation of their decision to allow 60 cars into Gaza weekly although more than 11 months have passed since they announced this decision after three years of ban imposed on the delivery of cars to Gaza.  As a result, the prices of cars in Gaza have been on the rise and local markets experience serious shortage in spare parts.

 

For approximately four consecutive years, IOF have continued to ban the delivery of construction materials to Gaza. During the reporting period, IOF approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a number of international organizations.

 

Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for Palestinian civilians from the Gaza Strip.  IOF only allow the movement of limited groups amidst severe restrictions, including long hours of waiting in the majority of cases.  IOF have also continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and Jerusalem.  IOF denied new categories of Gazan patient permission to have access to hospitals via the crossing.

 

Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip.

 

For approximately 55 months, IOF have continued to deny approximately 700 Palestinian prisoners from Gaza detained in Israeli jails their visitation rights without providing any justification to this measure, which violates the rules of the international humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying in the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

When completed, the illegal annexation wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, confiscating more Palestinian land.

 

At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without permits issued by IOF. Such permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

IOF continue to harass and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the annexation wall.

 

Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Efforts to Create a Jewish Majority in East Jerusalem

 

On Monday, 13 February 2012, IOF bulldozed Wadi Helwa playground which measures 700 meters squared; Silwan Creative Forum which is built on Wadi Helwa playground; and a barracks measuring 60 meters squared and belonging to Amin Abdul Razzaq Seyam, all in Wadi Helwa in Silawan village, south of the Occupied City of Jerusalem. They also bulldozed a tin wall of 100 meters in length and a tin room measuring 6 meters squared belonging to Zeid Zamzam Shweiki in Wadi Yasoul neighborhood in Silwan village.

 

Also on Monday, 13 February 2012, IOF demolished and leveled to ground a house of Ahmed Mohammed Nasser al-Baghdadi.

 

The Israeli Municipality's District Committee for Planning and Building in Jerusalem approved a plan to construct a large building in the yard of the al-Buraq Wall (the Western Wall) opposite to the western wall of the al-Aqsa Mosque and near the Mughrabi Gate Bridge. The building will be called "Beit Halibah". According to the plan, the building area is estimated at approximately 3,700 meters squared, consists of three floors and two underground floors. The building was prepared for use for the Jewish settlers and foreign tourists, as well as an information center and exhibition grounds.

 

 

 

Settlement Activities: 

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 13 February 2012 on Monday, IOF demolished a number of tents, stockyards for sheep and stores for fodders in Kherbet al-Rahwa in the south of al-Dahirya village, southwest of Hebron.  Besides, IOF confiscated a number of agricultural tools and equipment under the pretext of not obtaining a "prior license" from the Israeli authorities. The attack resulted in the demolition of six tents, eights stockyards and stores, an old water well and ten cells for beekeeping.

 

On the same day, IOF bulldozed five barracks and four tents in al-Ja'wana area, east of Kherbet Tana, east of Nablus.  They belong to Shaher Fa'eq Taher Hanani, 'Atef Ahmed Hanani and As'ad Mohammed As'ad.

 

On Wednesday, 15 February 2012, IOF, using three bulldozers, uprooted 250 olive trees and 30 fig trees in Beer al-Hour area, northeast of Ramallah.  The area is adjacent to "Shilo" settlement from the northern side.  The uprooted trees have been planted for over 15 years in lands belonging to Rabee' Mohammed As'ad Dar Jbara with an area of approximately 300 dunums.  This attack is a part of a series of attacks paving the way to annex the lands of the village to "Shilo" settlement.

 

On the same context, on 09 February 2012, the Israeli settlers planted forest trees in a land with an area of approximately 15 dunums in al-Dawali area.  The land belongs to Hassan Abdullah Ishtiwi, north of Kafr Qaddoum.

 

In Salfit, a group of settlers seized dozens of dunums of land belonging to Yasouf village.  The targeted land is adjacent to the eastern and southern sides of the settlement.  The settlers established iron bars using cement to fence the area.

 

In Nablus, on 09 February 2012, the Israeli settlers moved from "Bracha" settlement, south of Nablus, to houses of Palestinians in al-Batin area, northeast of Burin.

 

In Hebron, on 10 February 2012, dozens of settlers from "Carmiel" settlement, south of Hebron, moved into 40 dunums of lands belonging to al-Hatheleen family.  The settlers planted a number of seedlings in front of the Israeli soldiers.  On 11 February 2012, another group of settlers attacked a number of farmers and solidarity activists while, on voluntary basis, they were planting trees in Susia area, east of "Susia" settlement, south of Hebron.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (09- 15 February 2012)

 

1.  Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 09 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm.  They drove on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus, east of Tulkarm.  They established a checkpoint on the road and stopped Palestinian cars travelling in both directions.  They checked the ID cards of passengers.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Beit Qad village, northeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Qabatia, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Tubas.  They raided and searched many houses. Before withdrawing, they arrested Nader Mustafa Mohammed Sawafta, 37, and Faze'a Sedqi Mohammed Sawafta, 41.

 

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron.  They raided and searched the house of Hassan Husni Mohammed Abu Radwan, 21.  Before withdrawing, they arrested Abu Radwan and transferred him to "Kfar Etzion" detention centre, southwest of Bethlehem.

 

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Bani Na'im village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched the house of Suleiman Shehada Suleiman Tarayra, 21, in the north of Bani Na'im village, and the house of Shadi Musa Tarayra, 20, in the center of Bani Na'im village.  Before withdrawing, they arrested Suleiman and Shadi Tarayra and transferred them to "Kfar Etzion" detention centre, southwest of Bethlehem.

 

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jabal Johar neighborhood, south of Hebron.  They raided and searched the house of Nezam Nayef Salayma.  Before withdrawing, they arrested Amin, 17, who is the son of Salayma and transferred him to "Kfar Etzion" detention centre, southwest of Bethlehem.

 

At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Deir Dibwan village, northeast of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Fasayel village, north of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Ta'anak village, northwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They withdrew in the afternoon and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.  Residents of the village told the PCHR fieldworker that IOF moved into the village to look for artesian wells in the village.  It should be noted that IOF have been watching artesian wells in the plains of Jenin.  Last year, IOF filled many wells, alleging that these wells were illegally dug.

 

Also at approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Saffa village, west of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 10:20, IOF moved into Beit 'Aor al-Tahta village, west of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 11:45, IOF moved into Mithlon village, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Jalama village, north of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Jiftlik village, north of Jericho.  They patrolled the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:40, IOF moved into al-'Oja village, northeast of Jericho.  They patrolled the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Arraba, southwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Bedia village, northwest of Salfit.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Masha village, northwest of Salfit.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 10 February 2012

 

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qabatia, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-'Oja village, northeast of Jericho.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Beitin village, northeast of Ramallah.  They patrolled the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Kharabth al-Misbah village, west of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilia.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and raided a number of shops on the main street.  They withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Zire village, east of Bethlehem.  They stationed for some time in the center of the village.  They stopped some of the passers-by placed them under interrogation and searched some of them.  Before withdrawing, they arrested 4 Palestinians under the pretext of stoning IOF and transferred them to "Kfar Etzion" detention centre, southwest of Bethlehem:

 

1. Kamal Adel Mahmoud al-Zir, 26;

2. Mjahed Wajih Mahmoud al-Zir, 21;

3. Marwan Khalil Yousef al-Zir, 24; and

4. Khaled Mohammed Yousef al-Zir, 19.

 

At approximately 18:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:25, IOF moved into Beit Amin village, southeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported. 

 

At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Jalqamous village, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Deir Abu Dha'if village, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  In the meanwhile, a number of boys gathered and threw stones at IOF who responded by firing sound bombs.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 11 February 2012 

 

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, south of Jericho.  They provocatively patrolled in the streets and the calaxoned now and then to annoy the locals who were sleeping.  In the meanwhile, a number of guys gathered and stoned IOF who immediately responded by firing metal bullets, rubber-coated bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs.  Three Palestinians sustained wounds as a result and many others suffered from tear gas inhalation. The wounded are:

 

1. Said Saleh S'eifan, 22, who sustained wounds by a metal bullet to the head;

2. Mohammed Ali al-Masri, 23, who sustained wounds by two bullets in his right hand and to the chest; and

3. Mohammed Jaber al-Gharabla, 25, who sustained wounds by a bullet in his right hand.

 

IOF then raided and searched a number of houses and delivered notices to Reyadh Zuheir Wahdan and Rushdi al-Sa'i requiring them to appear before the Israeli intelligence.

 

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Salem village, northeast of Nablus.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and raided the house of Nasim Helmi Hamed Karkari, 40, in the center of the village.  Karkari's mother, Aysha Nayef Issa, 55, opened the door and the Israel entered.  They asked her to bring Nasim.  Nasim and his wife, Samira Fo'ad Adel Eshtaya, 37, who live in a flat in the second floor of the Karkari family's two-storey house came to the soldiers.  The soldiers asked Nasim about his ID card.  He gave them his ID card and they checked it.  Then they delivered him a notice requiring him to appear before the Israeli intelligence in "Howwara" detention center on 13 February 2012.  IOF left the house and in the early morning, Nasim's wife suffered severe pain in her abdomen.  She was pregnant in the second month.  She headed to her doctor who told her that she lost her baby because of the panic.

 

At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 13 February, Nasim appeared before the Israeli intelligence. The Israeli intelligence officer threatened Nasim not to engage into political activities.  The interview with the intelligence officer took 30 minutes and then Nasim was left alone in a room till 16:30 on the same day.  Nasim was then released.  It should be noted that Nasim was recently released from Israeli jail in the recent prisoner swap after serving 9 years on imprisonment.  The house of the Karkari family was also raided on 01 January 2012, just 12 days after Nasim was released from jail.

 

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Dyouk village, northwest of Jericho.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Before leaving, they delivered a notice to Mahmoud Hassan requiring him to appear before the Israeli intelligence.

 

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jericho.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Before leaving, they delivered a notice to Hisham al-Nojoum and Shadi Farah Roma requiring them to appear before the Israeli intelligence.

 

At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Jalabon village, east of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Kafr Dan village, northwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Barqin village, west of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Zabouba village, northwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  In the meanwhile, a number of boys gathered and threw stones at IOF who responded by firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:20, IOF moved into Kafr Laqef village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

 At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into al-Jarousheya village, north of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew late in the dawn of the following day.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Jiftlik village, north of Jericho.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:10, IOF warplanes fired at least one missile at the house of Musa Juma'a Eyada al-Teir in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah.

 

The missile hit a tin room in the yard of the house.  The room was destroyed and set on fire but no casualties were reported. Al-Teir and his wife used to live in the targeted room but they left it as it had previously been targeted by IOF. Al-Teir's neighbor, Mohammed Abu Harb, had received a phone call from someone who said he was a member of the Israeli army. The caller asked Abu Harb to tell his neighbours, the al-Teir family, to evacuate their house because the Israeli warplanes wanted to bomb the house. The house of Abu Harb was damaged due to the bombardment.

 

At approximately 23:35, IOF warplanes fired a missile at an agricultural room in al-Qarara village, north of Khan Yunis.  The room was totally destroyed but no casualties were reported.

 

In another crime that shows total disregard for the lives of civilians, IOF killed, in the last minutes of Saturday, 11 February, an old Palestinian man and wounded his son in al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the east of Gaza City when IOF bombarded the establishment where they were present.

 

According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 11:50 on Saturday, 11 February 2012, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at an animal farm behind the car market, east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the east of Gaza City.  The animal farm, which is located around 3,000 kilometers from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel, belongs to Eyad Abdul Hadi Rajab.  Abdul Karim Ibrahim al-Zaytouneya, 71, who is the guard of the targeted animal farm, was killed in the attack as his room in the farm was destroyed while he was inside.  In addition, Mohammed, al-Zaytouneya's son, sustained severe bruises throughout the body as he was in the room with his father.  The strike also resulted in the deaths of the majority of animals and birds in the farm and in heavy damages to the equipments and to a neighboring house.

 

At approximately 11:55, IOF warplanes fired a missile at an open area in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in the south of the Gaza Strip.  The targeted area is located around 1,000 meters from the border with Israel.  No casualty was reported.

 

Sunday, 12 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:10, IOF moved into Arana village, north of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Mazra'a al-Sharqeya village, northwest of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided a number of houses and confiscated mobile phones and computers.  Before withdrawing, IOF arrested three Palestinians:

 

1. Nader Hussam Khreisha, 24;

2.  Umar Abdul Ra'ouf Khaled, 22; and

3. Jalal Mohammed Taher Jaber, 19.

 

While IOF were arresting Jalal Jaber, five of the soldiers beat his brother, Kamal, 21, who is a member of the Palestinian Civil Defense Service.  Kamal sustained bruises throughout the body as a soldier kicked him and beat him using its hands and a butt.

 

Ma'azouz Qaddoumi, member of Jayous Municipality, told the following to the PCHR fieldworker:

 

"At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 12 February 2012, the Israeli occupation soldiers raided the house of Mohammed Taher Jaber, the President of Jayous Municipality, after blowing up the external Iron Gate.  They arrested Jalal, 19, who is Jaber's son.  They searched the house and confiscated 2 computers and 3 mobile phones. When Jaber tried to confront them, one of the soldiers hit him with a butt on his chest. They held him with his wife outside in the yard of their house till 05:00. They also raided the house of Nader Hussam Khreish, 24.  They broke a window in Khreisha's house and climed to the house using a ladder.  They arrested Khreisha who was sleeping with his brother.  They searched the house and confiscated a computer.  Then they raided the house of Umar Abdul Ra'ouf Khaled, 22, and arrested him immediately.  They searched Khaled's house and confiscated a computer.  Khaled's mother, Itaf Mohammed Said Khaled, 62, who suffers from diabetes and blood pressure, was in panic because of this raid.  Her condition deteriorated as a result.  At around 05:00, the soldiers prevented the locals from going to the mosque to performed the al-Fajr prayers. They declared curfew in the village.  They withdrew at around 05:00".

 

Also at approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Mughir village, northeast of Ramallah.  They raided and searched many houses.  Before withdrawing, they arrested 5 Palestinians:

 

1. Bayan Talal Na'asan, 20;

2. Walid Abdul Qader Abu Alia, 19;

3. Kkaled Mazen Haj Mohammed, 19;

4. Musa Bashir Haj Mohammed; and

5. Muhtadi Misbah Abu Alia, 20.

 

 

At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into 'Aboud village, northwest of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Ya'bad village, southwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 11:45, IOF moved into Deir Abu Da'if village, southeast of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:10, IOF moved into Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets and stationed in several neighborhoods.  The soldiers stepped down from the military vehicles and stopped a number of passers-by and took them to a military vehicle. In this vehicle, there was an intelligence officer who questioned these passers-by.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:25, IOF moved into Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided a carpentry workshop and held the workers and placed them under interrogation.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 16:10, IOF moved into Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 18:20, IOF moved into Kafr Addik village, west of Salfit.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 19:00, IOF positioned at sea off al-Waha resort in the north of the Gaza Strip arrested two Palestinian fishermen who were sailing a boat 2 miles of the shore.  The arrested fishermen are Adham Mahmoud Abu Reyala, 22, and his brother Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Reyala, 13, from al-Shati refugee camp.

 

At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Ya'bad village, southwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Before withdrawing later, they raided an under-construction house.

 

At approximately 20:45, IOF moved into Deir Estaya village, north of Salfit.  They patrolled in the streets for some time amid extensive firing of sound bombs.  IOF withdrew at approximately 22:40 and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:50, IOF moved into Baqet al-Hatab village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and held three members of the Palestinian police.  They released the policemen later after intervention by the Palestinian Military Liaison Office.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided a house and a shop. They delivered notices to Ayman Mazen Zaki Ju'eidi, 27, and Mohamed Adel Enaya, 29, requiring them to appear before the Israeli intelligence.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Shweika suburb, north of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  In the meanwhile, a number of boys gathered in al-Na'alwa neighborhood, in the center of Shweika suburb, gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF who responded by extensively firing tear gas canisters.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:05, IOF moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 13 February 2012

 

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jericho.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Then they drove to the west and raided 'Ein al-Sultan refugee camp.  They also patrolled in the streets of the refugee camp for some time.  IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Then they raided and searched several houses.  Before withdrawing, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians:

 

1. Rabi' Hassan Nassar, 25;

2. Samih Mohammed Nassar, 25; and

3. Walid Samih Sweilem, 25.

 

At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at the border in the east of al-Bureij refugee camp, in middle Gaza, opened extensive fire at the border area in the east of the refugee camp.  IOF continued firing for around 15 minutes.  No casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 07:10, IOF gunboats positioned of al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the north of the Gaza Strip, opened extensive fire at Palestinian fishing boats.  Then they surrounded the two boats driven by Jamal Ramadan Hassan al-Sultan, 60, and his son Fadel, 22, from al-Salatin neighborhood in Beit Lahia.  The two fishermen were sailing 500 meters from the shore.  IOF arrested al-Sultan and his son and transferred them by a military boat to Ashdod Port.  IOF also confiscated al-Sultan's boats.

 

At approximately 19:35, IOF moved into Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 19:35, IOF moved into 'Asala village, south of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 14 February 2012

 

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and raided the house of Mohammed Taher Jaber, the President of Jayous Municipality, for the second time within 48 hours.  They searched the house and questioned all th family members living in the house.  IOF claimed that they were looking for arms in the house. Jaber's wife, Majda Mohammed Jaber, 56, suffered nervous breakdown as a result and was transferred to the hospital.

 

Jaber told the PCHR fieldworker the following:

 

"At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 14 February 2012, the Israeli occupation soldiers raided my house for the second time within two days. They searched the house and damaged a significant part of the furniture.  They brought sniffer dogs inside.  In the meanwhile, one of them came to me and said 'I am the officer'.  I asked him 'What do you want?' he told me 'There are arms in your house.  Your son admitted that and we need the arms'. He threatened me that they would remove the tiles or destroy the house if I did not give him the arms. I told him that we had no idea about any arms and that they could search the house several times. He kept threatening me and I told him to do whatever he wanted.  During their presence in the house and because of their threats, my wife Majda Mohammed Jaber, 56, suffered from nervous breakdown and she was transferred to Dr. Darwish Nazzal Hospital.  She suffered from high blood pressure because of the raid.  The soldiers withdrew at around 04:00 and they did not find anything".

 

At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They then raided and searched the houses of Rami Samih Hassan Abu Haneya, 19, and Bahaa Addin Samir Slim, 19, who were released recently from Israeli jails in the recent prisoner swap.  Before withdrawing, IOF arrested Abu Haneya and Slim.

 

At approximately 06:30, IOF gunboats positioned off al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the north of the Gaza Strip, opened extensive fire at Palestinian fishing boats.  They surrounded a Palestinian fishing boat driven by Ahmed Mohammed Mohammed Zayed, 28, from al-Salatin neighborhood in Beit Lahia.  Ahmed was only 400 meters from the shore.  IOF forced Ahmed to take his clothes off, jump into the water and swim to their gunboat.  They tied the fishing boat to the gunboat and confiscated it.  They transferred Ahmed to Ashdod Port in Israel. Ahmed has not been released yet.

 

Mahmoud is Ahmed's brother. He reported that he left home with Ahmed at approximately 04:00 on the same day.  They walked till they arrived at the fishermen's room on the shore, north of al-Waha resort.  At approximately 05:45, they took 2 fishing boats and sailed with many other fishermen.  When Mohammed was 350 meters from the shore and when Ahmed was 500 meters from the shore, they threw the fishing nets.  They started to withdraw the nets at approximately 06:15.  In the meanwhile, they saw two Israeli gunboats coming from the north to them.  Mohammed and Ahmed withdrew their nets rapidly and started sailing to the shore.  The gunboats were firing as they were coming closer to Palestinian fishing boats.  Mohammed was 150 meters far from the shore when he looked behind him.  He found out that the two gunboats were two close from his brother Ahmed who was 400 meters from the shore.  When Mohammed arrived at the shore, he saw Ahmed taking his clothes off, jumping into the sea and swimming to one of the gunboats.  The gunboats were only 10 meters to the north of Ahmed's boat.  The soldiers on the gunboats then tied Ahmed's boat to one of the gunboats and withdraw it to the north.  It should be noted that this is the season for the catch of sardine and this season is of significant importance to Palestinian fishermen.  Israeli violations of this kind deny Palestinian fishermen access to their main source of income.

 

At approximately 11:45, IOF moved into 'Anabta village, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 11:45, IOF moved into Ramin village, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Zabouba village, northwest of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for some time.  In the meanwhile, several boys gathered and threw stones at IOF who responded by firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 19:00, IOF opened fire at Palestinian fishermen sailing 1,500 meters off al-Soudaneya area, north of Gaza City.   The fishermen were forced to sail 5,000 meters to the south and wait in the sea till the morning of the following day when they sailed back to look for their nets.  They were unable to find the nets and IOF fired at them every time they went to look for these nets.  It should be noted that IOF confiscated 5 fishing nets and tore 700 meters of fishing nets belonging to Subhi Ibrahim Kamel Abdo, 32, a fisherman from al-Nuseirat. Also a fishing boat belonging to a member of the Bakr family was hit by bullets fired by IOF.

 

At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Nour Sahms refugee camp, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 15 February 2012

 

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Salem village, northeast of Nablus.  They raided and searched the house of Abdul Rahman Nasouh Eshtaya, 23.  They confiscated a computer and a mobile phone and they arrested Eshtaya and transferred him to "Howwara" detention center, east of Nablus.

 

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrators Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and internationals and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank, and in protest to the establishment of a buffer zone in the Gaza Strip.  As a result, 6 Palestinians including 3 media workers and Abdullah Mahmoud Mohammed Abu Rahma, 41, coordinator of the Popular Committee against the Wall and Settlements, were wounded.  Additionally, dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders participating in peaceful demonstrations suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

Following the Friday Prayer on 10 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians and internationals and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil'in village, west of Ramallah, protesting the construction of the annexation wall and in support of Khader Adnan Musa, the Palestinian prisoner who has been holding an open-ended hunger strike in an Israeli jail since 17 December 2011.  They raised the Palestinian flag and the photos of PLC member in Israeli jails Marwan al-Barghouthi, Palestinian Prisoner Khader Adnan and Ashraf Abu Rahma, a Palestinian prisoner who was active in peaceful demonstrations in Bil'in.  They called for ending the political division and for releasing all the Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. They then moved towards areas of Palestinian land, which the Israeli High Court ordered to be returned to their Palestinian owners.  Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators.  As a result, Abdullah Mahmoud Mohammed Abu Rahma, 41, coordinator of the Popular Committee against the Wall and Settlements, sustained wounds by a bullet in the left leg.  Another number of Palestinians sustained bruises as they were beaten by IOF.  Issa Halim, 24, sustained fractures in the right arm and was transferred to Palestine Medical Compound.  

 

 

Also following the Friday prayer on 10 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli  and international human rights defenders gathered in the center of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, to start the weekly peaceful protest against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities and in support of the Palestinian prisoner Adnan Khader.  They raised the Palestinian flag and the photos of Palestinian Prisoner Khader and other prisoners.  The protesters walked towards the gate erected by IOF near the entrance of the village and leading to Palestinian lands that Israeli settlers from the nearby "Halmish" settlement are trying to seize.  Israeli soldiers, who had been extensively deployed in the area and near all the entrances of the village since the morning, began to confront the protesters who wanted to walk towards the affected lands.  Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber-coated bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protesters.  As a result, 2 Palestinians (PCHR maintains their names) sustained wounds.  In addition, the New York Times' photographer was hit by a tear gas canister in the right shoulder and the camera man of TRT Turkish channel was hit by a tear gas canister in the back.  Additionally, dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

Also following the Friday Prayer, on the same day, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ni'lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the annexation wall and in support of the Palestinian prisoner Khader.  They chanted slogans calling for Palestinian reconciliation, adherence to the Palestinian inalienable rights and resistance of the occupation.  They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the annexation wall.  Israeli soldiers fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators.  As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

Also following the Friday Prayer, at approximately 12:30 on the same day, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Kafr Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya, in protest against closing the eastern entrance of the village.  The demonstrators headed towards that entrance. Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Baker Mohammed Abdul Haq, 21, from Nablus, who is the reporter of the local Nablus TV, was hit by a tear gas canister directly to the abdomen. Additionally, a number of demonstrators, including a French journalist, suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

Baker Mohammed Abdul Haq told the PCHR fieldworker the following:

 

"As I was on duty covering the peaceful demonstration in Kafr Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya, in the afternoon of Friday, 10 February 2012, IOF positioning at the eastern entrance of Qaddoum village fired many tear gas canisters at us.  As a result, I was hit by a tear gas canister directly to the abdomen. I was wearing a flack-jacket; nevertheless, I lost consciousness. I was transferred to a nearby area and received the necessary treatment in the field. I was provided with oxygen and I restored consciousness and felt better."

 

Also at approximately 12:30 on Friday, 10 February 2012, dozens of Palestinians organized a peaceful demonstration in Kafr Addik, west of Salfit.  They walked in the streets of the village in protest to IOF measures aimed at defacing Deir Sama'an archeological area, east of Kafr Addik village, in preparation for the confiscation of the area.  They then walked to Deir Sama'an area and as they arrived at the area, IOF extensively fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs.  As a result, a number of the protesters suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

3. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrators Organized in Support of Palestinian Prisoner Adnan Khader

 

During the reporting period, many peaceful demonstrations were organized in support of and in solidarity with Adnan Khader, the Palestinian prisoner who has been holding an open-ended hunger strike in an Israeli jail since 17 December 2011.  IOF used excessive force against participants in these demonstrations which were called for by the student movement in Birzeit University, in front of "Ofer" prison, southwest of Ramallah. As a result, 8 Palestinian civilians, including 4 media workers and PLC member Dr. Mustafa al-Barghouthi, were wounded.

 

At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 11 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians and families of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails gathered to organize a peaceful demonstration in support of the Palestinian prisoner in Israeli jails Adnan Khader.  The demonstration was called for by the student movement in Birzeit University.  The demonstrators headed to "Ofer" prison in the southwest of Ramallah, and then they walked to the gate of the prison.  IOF closed the gate.  Before the demonstrators arrived at the gate, IOF fired rubber-coated metal bullets, metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators who threw stones at IOF.  As a result, 4 media workers and another number of demonstrators sustained wounds.  The PCHR fieldworker was unable to get information about some of the wounded as they were coming from different locations and no one of them was transferred to receive treatment in a hospital or medical center. Additionally, many participants suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

The wounded media workers are:

 

1. Issam Ali Said al-Rimawi, 29, photographer of al-Hayat al-Jadida, was wounded by a metal bullet to the  right leg;

2. Mohammed Ali Eid Turkman, 42, cameraman of Reuters, was wounded by a metal bullet to right thigh;

3. Sara al-Adra, 24, reporter of Palestine TV, was wounded by a metal bullet to the right leg; and

4. Bernat Arna'ot, 28, cameraman of Associated Press, was wounded by a metal bullet to the right thigh.

 

At approximately 12:30 on Monday, 13 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians and families of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails gathered to organize a peaceful demonstration in support of the Palestinian prisoner in Israeli jails Adnan Khader.  The demonstration was called for by the student movement in Birzeit University.  The demonstrators headed to "Ofer" prison in the southwest of Ramallah, and then they walked to the gate of the prison.  IOF closed the gate.  Before the demonstrators arrived at the gate, IOF fired rubber-coated metal bullets, metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators.  As a result, 2 demonstrators sustained wounds and were transferred to Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah.  Additionally, many participants suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

The wounded are:

 

1. Mohammed Said Abu Rahma, 22, who sustained a metal bullet to the head; and

2. Ashraf Abed Mohammed, 21, who sustained a metal bullet to the fingers of the right hand.

 

 At approximately 13:00 on Wednesday, 15 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians and families of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails gathered to organize a peaceful demonstration in support of the Palestinian prisoner in Israeli jails Adnan Khader.  The demonstration was called for by the student movement in Birzeit University.  The demonstrators headed to "Ofer" prison in the southwest of Ramallah, and then they walked to the gate of the prison.  IOF closed the gate.  Before the demonstrators arrived at the gate, IOF fired rubber-coated metal bullets, metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators who threw stones at IOF.  As a result, 2 demonstrators sustained wounds.  Additionally, many participants suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

The wounded are:

 

1. PLC member Mustafa al-Barghouthi, 57, sustained wounds by a metal bullet to the right foot; and

2. Shaher Hisham Aqel, 20, who sustained wounds by a metal bullet to the left leg.

 

 

4. Continued Closure of the OPT

­

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent, unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

 

 

 

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

08 – 14 February 2012

 

Day

Date

Traveling abroad

Coming into Gaza

Returned into Gaza

Wednesday

08 February 2012

405

588

21

Thursday

09 February 2012

839

863

44

Friday

10 February 2012

--

2 and a dead body

--

Saturday

11 February 2012

703

629

15

Sunday

12 February 2012

695

551

14

Monday

13 February 2012

672

445

31

Tuesday

14 February 2012

862

524

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

08 – 14 February 2012

Imports:

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Number

Liters

06 February 2012

Foodstuffs

610

 

 

Agricultural materials

408

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Power generators 

Factory machines

Water tanks

Cars  

1,167

2,610

100

217

22

26

88

20

 

Cartons of shoes

 

1,380

 

Humanitarian aid

4,040

 

 

Cooking gas

181.460

 

 

08 February 2012

Foodstuffs

676

 

 

Agricultural materials

599

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Cartons of shoes

1,374

1,486

70

117

1,981

 

Humanitarian aid

3,905

 

 

Cooking gas

162.930

 

 

09 February 2012

Foodstuffs

800

 

 

Agricultural materials

681

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Refrigerators

Washing machines

Oxen

Cartoons of shoes

Water tanks

1,085

 

763

189

344

457

573

288

 

cars

 

20

 

Humanitarian aid

387

 

 

Cooking gas

182.320

 

 

12 February 2012

Foodstuffs

604

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,086

 

 

Various goods

1,105

 

 

Cartons of clothes

795

 

 

Refrigerators

123

 

 

Cartons of shoes

980

 

 

Humanitarian aid

3,317

 

 

Cooking gas

180.970

 

 

 

Foodstuffs

510

 

 

 

Agricultural materials

754

 

 

 

Various goods

853

 

 

 

Cartons of clothes

1,570

 

 

 

Cars

20

 

 

 

Boards of glass

520

 

 

 

Oxen

489

 

 

13 February 2012

Agricultural machines

3

 

 

 

Photocopiers

50

 

 

 

Water tanks

177

 

 

 

Humanitarian aid

3,722

 

 

 

Cooking gas

182.110

 

 

 

Benzene

 

 

20.000

 

Diesel

 

 

22.000

14 February 2012

Foodstuffs

770

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,028

 

 

Various goods

1,208

 

 

Cartons of clothes

2,861

 

 

Washing machines

120

 

 

Power generators

7

 

 

Cartons of shoes

1,050

 

 

Humanitarian aid

667

 

 

Cooking gas

180.400

 

 

 

Exports:

 

On Monday, 06 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 9.4 tons of tomatoes.

On Wednesday, 08 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 23 tons of tomatoes.

On Thursday, 09 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 135,000 flowers.

On Sunday, 12 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 218,000 flowers.

On Monday, 13 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 1.5 tons of bell pepper and 9.2 tons of tomatoes.

On Tuesday, 14 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 124,000 flowers. 

 

Notes:

 

On Monday, 06 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 3,430 tons of construction aggregate and 320 tons of cement for UNRWA.  They also allowed the entry of 68 tons of cement and 14 tons of white cement for CHF.  They also allowed the entry of 312 tons of wheat.

 

On Wednesday, 08 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 3,080 tons of construction aggregate, 280 tons of cement, 130 tons of construction steel, and 104 tons of marble aggregate for UNRWA.  They also allowed the entry of 156 tons of cement for CHF, in addition to 468 tons of fodders.

 

On Thursday, 09 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 38 tons of construction steel for UNRWA.  They also allowed the entry of 144 tons of cement for USAID, in addition to 527 tons of fodders.

 

On Sunday, 12 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 1,750 tons of construction aggregate, 511 tons of cement, and 27 tons of construction steel for UNRWA.  They also allowed the entry of 420 tons of construction aggregate for USAID, in addition to 936 tons of fodders.

 

On Monday, 13 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 2,940 tons of construction aggregate, 360 tons of cement and 34 tons of construction steel for UNRWA.  They also allowed the entry of 624 tons of fodders.

 

On Tuesday, 14 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 372 tons of cement and 44 tons of construction steel for UNRAW.  They also allowed the entry of 975 tons of fodders.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking. 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

08 – 14 February 2012

 

Date

08 February

09 February

10 February

11 February

12 February

13 February

14 February

Patients

22

27

11

Nil

30

38

27

Companions

26

28

11

Nil

30

33

30

Arabs from Israel

3

8

2

Nil

8

15

1

Diplomats

5

26

Nil

Nil

1

5

3

International Journalists

2

13

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

2

International Workers

15

14

1

Nil

Nil

2

13

Travelers abroad

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Business People

97

96

47

Nil

102

100

93

Economic Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

8

Nil

6

Security Interviews

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

1

1

Nil

VIP's

Nil

2

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

Ambulances to Israel

6

3

1

1

2

4

2

Ambulances from Israel

1

1

2

Nil

1

2

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed tight restrictions on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city.

 

Qalqilya:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 09 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Imatin village, northeast of Qalqilya. At approximately 19:50, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Kafr Laqef, east of Qalqilya.

On Saturday, 04 February 2012, IOF established nine checkpoints around Qalqilya.

At approximately 14:55 on Sunday, 12 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya.  Soldiers re-established the same checkpoint at 21:20 and arrested Nemer Mesleh As'ad, Mohammed Salah Dalloul, and Mohammed Yusef Helal.  The detainees were released at 23:30 after the intervention of the military liaison.  At approximately 22:15, IOF established a checkpoint between Hajja and Baqat al-Hatab villages, east of Qalqilya. 

 

Tulkarm:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 09 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint on Tulkarm Qalqilya road near the entrance of Jbarah village, south of Tulkarm.

At approximately 18:00 on Friday, 10 February 2012, IOF re-established the same checkpoint in the same area.

 

Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 18:00 on Sunday, 12 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Kafel Hares village, north of Salfit.  At approximately 21:15, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Deir Estia village, northwest of Salfit.

 

5. Efforts to Create a Jewish Majority in East Jerusalem

 

Israeli occupation authorities have continued to make persistent efforts to create a Jewish majority in East Jerusalem and expel Palestinian civilians from the city.

 

At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 13 February 2012, Israeli police and Israeli border guards moved into Wadi Helwa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, with a number of officers from the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem.  They brought bulldozers and bulldozed the following establishments:

 

1.  Wadi Helwa playground which measures 700 meters squared;

2. Silwan Creative Forum which is built on the Wadi Helwa playground; and

3. Barracks belonging to Amin Abdul Razzaq Seyam. The barracks measure 60 square meters.

 

The same forces then headed to Wadi Yasoul neighborhood in Silwan village and they bulldozed a tin wall of 100 meters in length and a tin room measuring 6 square meters belonging to Zeid Zamzam Shweiki.

 

Also at approximately 07:00 on Monday, 13 February 2012, the Israeli police and Israeli border guards moved into al-Mtalleh area in al-Siwana village in the occupied East Jerusalem, with a number of officials from the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem.  They surrounded the house of Ahmed Mohammed Nasser al-Baghdadi, 30, and prevented the al-Baghdadi family and journalists from approaching the house.  They gave Ahmed Mohammed Nasser al-Baghdadi 20 minutes to evacuate the house.  Then Israeli bulldozer demolished the house and leveled it to the ground.  The one-storey house was built on an area of 110 square meters and was dwelled by a family of 3 persons.  The house was built 17 years ago and it was repaired 4 years ago.  The Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem had previously requested Ahmed Mohammed Nasser al-Baghdadi to pay the fine of 200,000 NIS to obtain a construction license.

 

The Israeli Municipality's District Committee for Planning and Building in Jerusalem approved a plan to construct a large building in the yard of the al-Buraq Wall (the Western Wall) opposite to the western wall of the al-Aqsa Mosque and near the Mughrabi Gate Bridge. The building will be called "Beit Halibah". According to the plan, the building area is estimated at approximately 3,700 square meters, consisting of three floors and two underground floors. The building was designed for use by Jewish settlers and foreign tourists, as well as an information center and exhibition grounds.

 

According to data available to the Al-Aqsa Foundation for Endowment and Heritage, the building will be established on a confiscated piece of land measuring 5,420 square meters, but the total area of the building with its four floors besides the annexes will measure 16,032 meters squared.  The building, which is aimed at creating a Jewish majority in Jerusalem, will include a floor to be used for the exhibition of antiquities and a ground floor to be used as a park with a capacity to accommodate 250 cars.  The building will also include a tourist section consisting of an information center, education classes, exhibitions, a conference hall, a shop of antiquities, a cantina and management offices.  The building will further include a research section consisting of a library, meeting rooms and offices for guides.

 

The Al-Aqsa Foundation reported that two tunnels will be dug. The first tunnel will start from the said building and extends to the north. It will pass under the Mughrabi Gate in the wall of the old city of Jerusalem and under the yard of al-Buraq Wall. The second tunnel will extend to the southeast and will pass under the so-called "the City of David Visitors Center" and under the palaces of the Umayyad Caliphate area, south of the al-Aqsa Mosque, which was recently transformed into facilities for the alleged temple of Solomon. The Foundation stated that the detailed plan to establish the said building is a translation of general plans and is a part of more comprehensive plans aimed at creating a Jewish majority in the surroundings of the al-Aqsa Mosque, especially in the southwestern and southeastern areas.

 

6. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

On Monday morning, 13 February 2012, IOF demolished a number of tents, stockyards for sheep and stores for the storage of sheep's fodders in Kherbet al-Rahwa in the south of al-Dahirya, southwest of Hebron.  Additionally, IOF confiscated a number of agricultural tools and equipment under the pretext of not obtaining a "prior license" from the Israeli authorities.

According to PCHR investigations and the testimony of Saleem Salem al-Tel, at approximately 10:00, IOF supported by 15 vehicles moved into the said area.  They immediately started demolishing a number of tents, stockyards and a well without allowing the residents to evacuate their personal belongings or the sheep fodders.

As a result of the attack, six tents sheltering families of 53 members in total were uprooted.  The tents were established on an area of 424 square meters.  Also, eight stockyards and stores built on 576 square meters were demolished, in addition to an old well belonging to Mohammed Khalil Hamad al-Zebdya Makharza.  IOF also destroyed 10 cells for beekeeping that belong to Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed Samamrah.

The tents and stockyards belong to Saleem Salem Mostafa al-Tel and his married sons; Shheda Hamad Mohammed al-Wreidat and his married sons; Mohammed Mahmoud Hussein al-Jabareen and his married sons; Rateb Ahmed Mohammed al-'Emoul and his married brothers; Nayef Salem Mostafa al-Tel and Msallam Salem Mostafa al-Tel.

In his testimony, Rateb Ahmed al-Jabareen said that IOF had previously informed him and other residents that they had to leave the area, without providing any legal justification.  In the past few months, many threats and restrictions were imposed on the residents to oblige them to leave before IOF demolished their tents.  He added that this attack and other measures taken by IOF against them aim towards the annexation of this area to "Tinah Aumariam" settlement that is located to the north of Kherbet al-Rahwa.

It should be noted that this area is resided by approximately 120 persons.  They depend on grazing and breeding sheep.  There is no electricity, nor water in that area, and the residents live in tents.  The children in the area learn in schools in al-Dahirya village which is seven kilometers away from them.

 

At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 14 February 2012, IOF supported by eight military vehicles and a bulldozer moved into al-Ja'wana area, east of Kherbet Tana, east of Nablus.  The bulldozer started demolishing five barracks and uprooting four tents belonging to:

1. Shaher Fa'eq Taher Hanani. He owns two barracks of metal with an area of 150 square meters each, in addition to a 50-square meter tent.

2. 'Atef Hassan Ahmed Hanani.  He owns two barracks; one of which is 100 square meters and the other is 80 square meters, in addition to a 50-square meter tent.

3. As'ad Mohammed As'ad Hanani.  He owns a 200-square meter barracks and two tents; 50 square meters each. 

 

On Wednesday, 15 February 2012, IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees and other trees in the Beer al-Hour area, northeast of Ramallah.  The area is adjacent to "Shilo" settlement from the northern side.  The uprooted trees have been planted there over 15 years in lands belonging to Rabee' Mohammed As'ad Dar Jbara with an area of approximately 300 dunums.  This attack is a part of a series of attacks carried out for the interest of settlement activities, paving the way to annex the lands of the village to "Shilo" settlement.

According to information collected by PCHR, at approximately 11:30 on the same day, IOF moved into the Beer al-Hour area and prevented Palestinians from access to that area.  At approximately 12:00, IOF, using three bulldozers, started demolishing the said area and uprooted dozens of olive and fig trees.  As a result, over 250 olive trees and 30 fig trees were uprooted.

 

At approximately 09:30 on Thursday, 09 February 2012, dozens of Israeli settlers moved from "Kedumim" settlement to lands located in the north of Kafr Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya, under the protection of IOF.  They planted the forest trees in a land with an area of approximately 15 dunums in al-Dawali area.  The land belongs to Hassan Abdullah Ishtiwi.  When Palestinian civilians tried to prevent the settlers, the Israeli soldiers intervened.  An hour later, IOF and settlers withdrew. No other incidents were reported. 

 

At approximately 16:00 on Thursday, 09 February 2012, another group of Israeli settlers moved from "Kfar Taffouh" settlement to confiscate lands of dozens of dunums' belonging to Yasouf village, east of Salfit.  The targeted land is adjacent to the eastern and southern side of the said settlement.  The settlers established iron bars using cement in order to surround the land by a fence.

The village council said that the settlers had been paving the way to seize this land, which belong to many families: heirs of Mahmoud Hussein 'Atyani; 'Isa Abdul Qader 'Azzam; Mosa 'Isa 'Azzam; heirs of Abdul Hamid Yusef Hamouda; heirs of Ahmed Abdul Fattah Falah; Firas Abdul Karim 'Atyani; heirs of Ahmed Abdullah 'Azzam; and heirs of Ali Mansour Abdullah.

 

At approximately 21:45 on the same day, another group of Israeli settlers moved from "Bracha" settlement, south of Nablus, towards houses of Palestinians in the al-Batin area, northeast of Burin village.  The settlers started throwing stones on four houses resided by Palestinians, the majority of whom are children, due to which the children and other residents of those houses were terrorized.  Besides, light damage was caused to the houses.  The houses belong to: Yasser Yusef Hassan Omran; Bashir al-Zaben; Ibrahim Ali 'Eid and Maher Salah al-Najjar.   Half an hour later, IOF arrived at the area and let the settlers return to the settlement under their protection.  IOF fired sound bombs on the roofs of the houses and forcibly dismissed those gathered to protect the houses.  In the early morning, IOF withdrew and no other incidents were reported.

 

On Friday, 10 February 2012, a group of Israeli settlers living in "Carmiel" settlement, south of Hebron, moved into lands belonging to al-Hatheleen family, east of the said settlement.  They planted some forest trees whilst IOF were watching.

According to information collected by PCHR, the settlers moved into lands belonging to heirs of 'Eid Yamin al-Hatheleen, under the protection of IOF.  The lands, which amount to approximately 40 dunums, are located in Um al-Kheir village.  The settlers started planting trees in parts of those lands that are adjacent to a settlement road, which was established by the settlers in 2011.

Ibrahim 'Eid al-Hatheleen, head of the local council of Um al-Kheir village, said that this attack came in the context of the annexation of dozens of dunums by the said settlement.  He added that planting trees by the settlers confirms that there is an Israeli plan to confiscate other lands in that area.

 

On Saturday, 11 February 2012, a group of settlers attacked a number of farmers and Palestinian and international solidarity activists while they were doing a voluntary work to plant trees in Susia area, west of "Susia" settlement in the south of Hebron.  As a result of the attack, six Palestinians sustained bruises and a Palestinian and Israeli peace activist were arrested by IOF.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR and testimony of Mr. Naser al-Nawaj'a, an activists in the Committee against Settlement east of Yatta, at approximately 10:00 on the same day, after a number of Palestinians and Israeli activists planted almond seedlings in the targeted lands, a group of settlers arrived at the area.  The settlers attacked the volunteers and uprooted a number of seedlings.  They threatened the farmers and activists to oblige them to leave.  This attack was carried out in front of the Israeli soldiers, who intervened to offer protection to the Israeli settlers and arrested two volunteers.

As a result, six Palestinians sustained bruises thoughout their bodies: Jweid al-Adhami, 33; Jameel Mohammed al-Nawaj'a, 37; Hatem Mohammed al-Nawaj'a, 32, and Sa'ed Mahmoud al-Nawaj'a, 22.  Besides, Mohammed Ali al-Nawaj'a, 26, and an Israeli peace activist, Ezra Levi, 60, were arrested.  However, they were released on bail on the same day.

Al-Nawaj'a said that the Israeli settlers attacked the voluntary activity that was organized to plant trees in 20 dunums.  The lands constitute a part of areas that the settlers try to seize.  He pointed that the Israeli soldiers did not take any measure against the attackers but instead offered protection to them.

………………………………………………………

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.  PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4.PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economicArticles

 cooperation between the EU states and Israel.  PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11.PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question.  Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region.  Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).

 

Source


:: Article nr. 85761 sent on 17-feb-2012 03:19 ECT

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