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:: ONU - XX Assemblea Generale (1965):
XX Assemblea Generale dell’ONU (1965)
dichiara "la legittimità della
lotta da parte dei popoli sotto
oppressione coloniale, per esercitare il
loro diritto all' autodeter-
Inoltre, l'Assemblea invita "tutti
gli Stati a fornire assistenza morale e
materiale ai movimenti di liberazione
nazionale nei territori coloniali".
- Risoluzione 1514
Generale dichiara che: la soggezione dei
popoli a dominio straniero, conquista e
asservimento costituisce una negazione
dei diritti umani fondamentali, è
contraria alla Carta delle Nazioni Unite
ed è un impedimento alla promozione
della pace e della cooperazione mondiali.
Tutti i popoli hanno diritto
minazione; in virtù di
tale diritto essi devono liberamente
determinare il loro status politico e
liberamente perseguire il loro sviluppo
economico, sociale e culturale".
di Ginevra, Protocollo Addizionale I
armata può essere usata, come ultima
risorsa, come mezzo per esercitare il
diritto all' autodeter-
base allo Statuto del Tribunale penale
internazionale, sono definiti “crimini
(1) attacchi lanciati intenzionalmente
contro popolazione civili in quanto tali
o contro civili che non prendano
direttamente parte alle ostilità;
(4) attacchi lanciati intenzionalmente
nella consapevolezza che gli stessi
avranno come conseguenza la perdita di
vite umane tra la popolazione civile, e
lesioni a civili o danni a proprietà
civili ovvero danni diffusi duraturi e
gravi all’ambiente naturale che siano
manifestamente eccessivi rispetto all’insieme
dei concreti e diretti i vantaggi
:: Iraq anthem
(click to listen)
Israeli Offensive on Gaza Continued: 5 Palestinian Civilians, Including Child and Woman, Killed, and 57 Others, Including 19 Children and 9 Women, Wounded; 13 Houses and One Mosque Destroyed
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)
August 10, 2014 - Israeli occupation forces have continued their offensive on the Gaza Strip for the 33rd consecutive day, excluding a number of humanitarian truces. Over the past 24 hours, Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes in the Gaza Strip, including airstrikes that targeted houses, civilian facilities, agricultural plots and open areas, and artillery and artillery and sea shelling. As a result of these attacks, 5 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a woman, were killed, and 57 others, including 19 children and 9 women, were wounded. An old woman also died from a previous wound, and the body of a child was recovered from destroyed homes. PCHR's field workers reported that thousands of Palestinian civilians came back to UNRWA shelters once the truce expired. They face very severe living conditions lacking basic services....
continua / continued  [ 31-aug-2014 02:04 ECT ]
The Psychological Trauma of Catastrophe: Gaza’s Children
by Louisa Lamb
August 10, 2014 - Within the last ten years, Israel has provoked three offensive movements against the Palestinian territory in Gaza: Operation Cast Lead, which began at the end of 2008 and 2009, Operation Pillar of Defense, which last eight days in November 2012, and most recently, Operation Protective Edge, which started on July 7th, 2014. During this period of devastation, homes have been obliterated, nearly two thousands civilians have been killed, and humanitarian resources are extremely limited due to the Israeli blockade. Catastrophic damage has already been done, some irreparable and some of the most important consequences are often overlooked. According to Dr. Jesse Ghannam, a clinical psychologist working for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, reported that the rate of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among children has doubled since the 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense attack. These children will most likely suffer from mood disorders, anxiety, depression, problems with attachment and develop antisocial personality traits. Children of Gaza who are nine years old have spent whole lives experiencing the terror of ruthless violence...
continua / continued  [ 31-aug-2014 01:56 ECT ]
FBI Targeted Mentally Disabled Muslim American Citizens
by Lizabeth Paulat
August 10, 2014 - A Human Rights Watch report, documenting abuses in US terrorism investigations, has illuminated some incredibly dubious practices carried out by law enforcement. The report looks at investigations that began shortly after 9/11 and have carried on until the present day. One disturbing practice, which seems to pop up over and over in the report, is the targeting of those with mental disabilities to 'create’ crimes. This occurs during 'sting’ operations, when agents pose as members of the Muslim American community, infiltrating mosques.In an average sting operation, an undercover agent finds a suspect who they think is, say, selling illegal arms. They approach them and gather information, waiting for a crime to unfold....
continua / continued  [ 31-aug-2014 01:36 ECT ]
Use of Barrel Bombs in Syria and Iraq Devastate Civilians' Lives
August 10, 2014 - Barrel bombs are a type of improvised explosive device (IED) sometimes described as "flying IED" typically made from a barrel that has been filled with high explosives, shrapnel, oil and chemicals and then dropped from a plane or a helicopter. They are cheap to produce, so they are used extensively in ongoing conflicts such as Syria and Iraq. Because different explosives can fit into them, and due to their poor accuracy and indiscriminate use in civilian areas they provoke devastating effects and loss of lives.The earlier use of these bombs was in South Sudan in the 1990s, where they were expelled from transport planes. Since then, they are now being extensively used by the Syrian Air Force and by the Iraqi government forces, as happened during the Anbar clashes (2013-2014.)"What is happening now in Iraq definitely started in Syria. If I were al-Maliki, and seeing Assad next door using the same tactics without a slap on the wrist and gaining ground as a result, it stands to reason he would say, "Why the hell not?’" said Erin Evers of Human Rights Watch....
continua / continued  [ 31-aug-2014 01:33 ECT ]
Gaza: The bomb-rebuild cycle must stop
August 10, 2014 - The terrible scale of destruction in Gaza isn't even the start of it. As a three-day truce last week made clear, Israel's 29-day military offensive has levelled the Palestinian strip: entire neighbourhoods reduced to rubble; thousands of homes destroyed, leaving at least 65,000 people homeless. Schools, hospitals, mosques, a university, a sewage plant, the strip's only power plant and dozens of factories were hit. Stark images depicting the damage have accompanied stunned words from humanitarian workers. Trond Husby, who heads the UN's development programme in Gaza, told the UK's Daily Telegraph newspaper: "I was in Somalia for two years, Sierra Leone for five, and also South Sudan and Uganda, and this beats them all for the level of destruction."...
continua / continued  [ 31-aug-2014 01:27 ECT ]
More stories from Gaza
August 9, 2014 - It is extremely difficult to find a starting point when trying to write about martyrs. The death toll till is now 1898 people, including 433 children, 243 women, and 85 elderly, while the number of injured people is 9837.
They have left thousands of stories, and incurable pain, behind. I’m Ibraheem Ismaeel Al-Ghoul. You can find me in the photo on the left. I had a twin brother. We lived together for nine months inside mom’s womb and only ten days out.I thought we’d also share our lives, play together, go to kindergarten, school, and university together, and have the same friends. I though we would be friends forever.My twin was killed before we could even grow a little and see life outside....
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 13:49 ECT ]
Following End of Humanitarian Truce, Israeli Offensive on Gaza Resumed: 10 Palestinians, 6 of Whom Are Civilians, Including 3 Children, Killed, and 88 Others, Including 24 Children and 14 Women Wounded
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)
August 9, 2014 - At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 08 August 2014, the Egyptian-brokered humanitarian truce between the Palestinian and Israeli sides declared on 05 August 2014 expired. Immediately following the 72-hour truce, Israeli occupation forces resumed their offensive on the Gaza Strip. They launched a series of airstrikes targeting houses, agricultural plots, open areas and mosques, as well as civilian gatherings. They also resumed the artillery and sea shelling. As a result of these attacks, 10 Palestinians, 6 of whom are civilians, including 3 children, were killed, and 88 others, including 2 children and a woman, were wounded. Israeli warplanes also destroyed 13 houses and 6 mosques. Additionally, 6 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a woman, died of previous wounds. PCHR's field workers reported that thousands of Palestinian civilians came back to UNRWA shelters once the truce expired. They face very severe living conditions lacking basic services..
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 13:40 ECT ]
The Very Un-Christian Nagasaki Bomb
By Gary G. Kohls
August 9, 2014- Sixty-nine years ago, an all-Christian bomber crew dropped "Fat Man," a plutonium bomb, on Nagasaki, Japan, instantly annihilating tens of thousands of innocent civilians, a disproportionate number of them Japanese Christians, and wounding uncountable numbers of others. For targeting purposes, the bombing crew used St. Mary’s Urakami Cathedral, the largest Christian church in East Asia. At 11:02 a.m., on Aug. 9, 1945, when the bomb was dropped over the cathedral, Nagasaki was the most Christian city in Japan. At the time, the United States was arguably the most Christian nation in the world (that is, if you can label as Christian a nation whose churches overwhelmingly have failed to sincerely teach or adhere to the peaceful ethics of Jesus as taught in the Sermon on the Mount)....
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 11:18 ECT ]
Collective Punishment in Gaza
By Rashid Khalidi
August 9, 2014 -Three days after the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu launched the current war in Gaza, he held a press conference in Tel Aviv during which he said, in Hebrew, according to the Times of Israel, "I think the Israeli people understand now what I always say: that there cannot be a situation, under any agreement, in which we relinquish security control of the territory west of the River Jordan."It’s worth listening carefully when Netanyahu speaks to the Israeli people. What is going on in Palestine today is not really about Hamas. It is not about rockets. It is not about "human shields" or terrorism or tunnels. It is about Israel’s permanent control over Palestinian land and Palestinian lives. That is what Netanyahu is really saying, and that is what he now admits he has "always" talked about. It is about an unswerving, decades-long Israeli policy of denying Palestine self-determination, freedom, and sovereignty...
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 04:18 ECT ]
Lessons of the conflict in Gaza|
Israel claims that its offensive on Gaza is a war on terror; in fact, it is an act of state terrorism.
August 9, 2014 - The cycle of violence that has engulfed the Gaza Strip since Israel's unilateral disengagement in 2005 is repetitive, predictable, and profoundly depressing. In the last six years Israel has launched three major military offensives on this tiny, isolated, desperately poor, and densely-populated Palestinian enclave. Invariably, Israel presents itself as the victim, claiming to be exercising its right to self-defence, while denying the equivalent right to the Palestinians. Yet all these wars were instigated by Israel, all were directed against civilians, and all involved war crimes. They are a direct product of Israeli colonialism, of the most prolonged and brutal military occupation of modern times...
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 02:04 ECT ]
How the Israeli discourse on terrorism seeks to justify blatant war crimes Israel/Palestine
August 9, 2014 - Appearing on CNN a few days into the current offensive in Gaza, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described Hamas as "the worst terrorists, genocidal terrorists." He said they want to "pile up as many civilian dead as they can," and, he added, to "use telegenically dead Palestinians for their cause."By contrast, Israeli strikes are said to be aimed at the "terrorists," who are by definition legitimate targets. Any civilian casualties that may result from such uses of force are unintentional, and in fact should be blamed squarely on Hamas. Indeed, Netanyahu explained, not only do they target civilians but they also "hide behind civilians," thus committing "a double war crime."...
continua / continued  [ 29-aug-2014 00:52 ECT ]
Blown Chances in Gaza
By Sandy Tolan
August 8, 2014 - ...In other words, the destruction of Gazan neighborhoods and significant aspects of the area’s infrastructure should be seen as part of Israel’s larger objective: dividing Palestinians from one another and so deep-sixing the possibility of genuine self-determination. As early as 1973, Ariel Sharon, one of the founders of the Likud party and a champion of the settler movement, described his aim as putting so many settlements on the West Bank that they would become impossible to remove....On July 11th, Prime Minister Netanyahu more formally clarified Israel’s intentions. "There cannot be a situation, under any agreement, in which we relinquish security control of the territory west of the River Jordan," Netanyahu stated. For anyone weak on his or her Middle Eastern geography, that is an area that includes all of the West Bank. In other words, Israel, finally, officially has no interest in a two-state solution.,,
continua / continued  [ 27-aug-2014 23:59 ECT ]
The Snowden Hoax|
How a Lie Traveled Around the World Before the Truth Could Get Its Boots On
August 8, 2014 - In mid-July 2014, Time attempted an antiviral intervention against the first Internet hoax involving NSA leaker Edward Snowden..."Conspiracy theories are nothing new in the Middle East…." This particular rumor, said Time, had "assumed truthlike proportions through multiple reposts and links." It postulated a secret U.S., British and Israeli op—codenamed "Hornet's Nest"—hatching the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) to attract terrorists worldwide to so vex the region that Israel's enemies would be in Biblical disarray. Time traced the hoax to Iran's official Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA), which Time accused of "concocting an obviously fictional fake Snowden interview to bolster the narrative." Six days later, IRNA reacted testily, complaining that Time (which it called "Times") had smeared IRNA's report as "fabricated" without once referring to its original source, The Intercept. The problem is that journalist Glenn Greenwald's online startup The Intercept, which since its February 2014 launch has posted 295 pages of NSA documents leaked by Snowden and numerous articles based on those leaks, hasn't said a word about Israel's national intelligence arm, the Mossad, grooming ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as chief stinger for the Hornet's Nest...
continua / continued  [ 27-aug-2014 23:50 ECT ]
The Blurring of Cause and Effect|
Israel and Illegally Occupied Gaza
by WILLIAM E. ALBERTS
August 8, 2014 - But the 1.8 million enclosed Palestinians have no place to go, and no bomb shelters in which to be safe. Even the supposedly recognized neutrality of UN shelters, to which over 200,000 Palestinians sought refuge, is violated. A number of the shelters have been bombed, killing families who had fled to them for safety after being warmed to leave their homes by "the most moral army in the world." ("At Least 15 Dead as Israel Strikes Gaza Market," by VOA News, Voice of America, July 30, 2014; "Gaza crisis: Rafah school strike 'criminal’ – UN chief," BBC News, Middle East, Aug. 3, 2014) Originally driven by Israeli military forces to a strip of land the size of Detroit, the Palestinians in Gaza not only live in one of the densest places on earth, they are crowded into what is condemned as the world’s "largest open-air prison." So, for the IDF, it is almost like a barbaric shooting fish in a barrel...
continua / continued  [ 27-aug-2014 17:24 ECT ]
How US Leaders Aid and Abet Israeli War Crimes
by MARJORIE COHN
August 8, 2014 - According to the Congressional Research Service, in 2007, the Bush Administration agreed to provide Israel with $30 billion [PDF] in military assistance from 2009 to 2018, provided in annual increments of $3.1 billion. During his March 2013 visit to Israel, Obama pledged that the US would continue to provide Israel with multi-year commitments of military aid subject to the approval of Congress. Since 2012, the US has sent $276 million worth of weapons and munitions to Israel, not including exports of military transport equipment and high technologies. From January to May 2014, the US transferred to Israel almost $27 million for rocket launchers, $9.3 million worth of parts of guided missiles and nearly $762,000 for bombs, grenades and munitions of war. On July 20, 2014, Israel requested additional ammunition, including 140mm tank rounds and 40mm illumination grenades, and the Defense Department approved the sale three days later....
continua / continued  [ 27-aug-2014 15:53 ECT ]
Reviving Our Heroes: Challenging Palestinian dehumanization
August 8, 2014 - ...Israel’s indiscriminate bombings and mass killings of whole families reflects its cruel and genocidal tactics. This offensive, however, is not an isolated incident. The barbaric nature of the State is reflective of the broader Zionist settler-colonial project, through its siege on Gaza, confiscation of land, demolition of homes, restriction of movement, and arbitrary imprisonment of Palestinians. Israel has simultaneously constructed itself as part of the ambiguous "West," alongside the United States and Europe, where colonialism, racism, and imprisonment are inherent to the establishment of the State. Israel defends its policies by painting itself as the "only democracy in the Middle East," placing itself as exceptional. Western media assists in constructing Israel as a sovereign (read: civilized) state and Palestinians as stateless (read: uncivilized), which allows Israel to justify its actions as "self-defense" while denouncing Palestinian acts of resistance as "terrorism....
continua / continued  [ 27-aug-2014 02:48 ECT ]
During Humanitarian Truce, Bodies of Victims Recovered from Invaded Areas amidst Unprecedented Destruction
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)
August 7 , 2014 - At 08:00 on Tuesday, 05 August 2014, the 30th day of the Israeli offensive of the Gaza Strip, a 72-hour humanitarian truce entered into force between the Palestinian and Israeli sides. Since then, all areas of the Gaza Strip have been calm, and a number of forcibly displaced Palestinian civilians have been able to return to their home, which were not completely destroyed, amidst concerns that Israeli shelling may be resumed. Over the past two days, the civil defense and medical crews have continued to recover bodies of victims from the areas that were invaded by Israeli forces, and a number of Palestinian have died of previous wounds. Based field tours carried out by PCHR’s staff in all areas that were invaded by Israeli forces, PCHR is shocked by the scenes of destruction caused by Israeli forces in the areas which had not been accessible. Hundreds of Palestinian families have become homeless....
continua / continued  [ 26-aug-2014 02:17 ECT ]
The Collapse of America's Great African Experiment
By Nick Turse
August 7, 2014 - As John Kerry, then-chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, put it in 2012, the United States "helped midwife the birth" of South Sudan. The choice of words may have been cringe-worthy, but hardly divorced from reality. For more than 20 years, a bipartisan coalition in Washington and beyond championed rebel forces here. As the new nation broke away from Sudan, after decades of bloody civil war, the U.S. poured in billions of dollars in aid, including hundreds of millions of dollars of military and security assistance, and sent military instructors to train the country’s armed forces and advisers to mentor government officials. It would be Washington’s major nation-building effort in Africa, a new country destined to join Iraq and Afghanistan as a regional bulwark of democracy and a shining example of American know-how...
continua / continued  [ 26-aug-2014 00:45 ECT ]
Unchecked Murder and Mayhem|
Israel and the Erosion of International Humanitarian Law
by LAWRENCE DAVIDSON
August 7, 2014 - It is not an exaggeration to say that Israel’s acclaimed "Defense Forces" have become expert in violating human rights: murder and ethnic cleansing, illegal confiscation of occupied land, destruction of civilian housing, destruction of civilian infrastructure (water, electricity, sanitation, etc.), attacking of medical facilities, torture both of adults and children, the use of banned weaponry, the mistreatment of prisoners and more. And they have done it all quite openly. Official complaints about Israeli behavior come before the UN several times a year but to no avail. Each time Israel is called to task in the UN Security Council for violating international law, the U.S. vetoes the resolution and therefore Israel suffers no consequences. Obviously this only emboldens Israeli leaders to continue acting in a criminal manner. However, the impact goes beyond Israel and its victims, because each time the U.S. casts its veto, international law designed to protect human rights suffers degradation...
continua / continued  [ 25-aug-2014 23:18 ECT ]
The CIA is getting away with keeping every important secret about torture
August 7, 2014 - At this point, is there anything the Central Intelligence Agency thinks it can’t get away with?To recap: the CIA systematically tortured people, then lied about it. Destroyed evidence of it, then lied about that. Spied on the US Senate staffers investigating the agency for torture, then lied about that. Now, after somehow being put in charge of deciding what parts of the Senate’s final report on that torture should be redacted, the CIA has predictively censored the key evidence of the litany of all of those transgressions.The agency’s black marker has reportedly censored – at different points in the report – already-public, embarrassing and criminally culpable information. By doing so, the CIA has rendered it, as one Senator noted, "incomprehensible". So while the Senators and Langley fight it out behind closed doors, Senator Dianne Feinstein, the intelligence committee chair, put the report’s public release on hold. Again...
continua / continued  [ 25-aug-2014 22:55 ECT ]
‘Era of Oslo is over’
August 7, 2014 - "The Palestinians know that Israel wants to thwart this unity government by launching its war on Gaza," said the DFLP’s Abu Laila, "which is what we resisted by agreeing on unified demands."The current Palestinian representatives in Cairo, said Abu Laila, "are a PLO delegation. We are not here because of the PA."This is a new language that might be indicative of a turning point in Palestinian politics, post-Gaza. It remains to be seen how the ouctome of this war will impact the Palestinians, but there's a growing realisation that whatever happens, things can't go back to where they were before July 8 when Israel began its offensive."The era of Oslo and negotiations are over," proclaimed prominent Palestinian politician Mustafa Al-Barghouti from Ramallah recently. There are new realities, he said, and it is through "struggles" that a change in the balance of power is achieved, "not through solutions with Israel"....
continua / continued  [ 25-aug-2014 19:09 ECT ]
Open letter to Mr. Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon: stand for law and Justice or resign!
August 6, 2014 - We, the under signed Palestinian human rights and community-based organizations are extremely disappointed by your performance, notably by your biased statements, your failure to act, and the inappropriate justification of Israel’s violations of IHL, which amount to war crimes. Until today, you have taken no explicit and tangible measures to address the recent Israeli attacks in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 13 June. Moreover, your statements have been either misleading, because they endorse and further Israeli false versions of facts, or contrary to the provisions established by international law and to the interests of its defenders, or because your words justify Israel’s violations and crimes....
continua / continued  [ 24-aug-2014 06:29 ECT ]
Obama Coddles Assad to Please Iran, Endangering Millions
By Michel Touma
August 6, 2014 - Last January 21, we published a column in this space entitled Obama and the European Jihadists. We then raised the issue of President Barack Obama's troubling passivity in the face of the large-scale massacres perpetrated by the regime of Bashar al-Assad, and above all, American obstruction of any military aid to the Syrian opposition, even when Damascus enjoys massive and unlimited Russia and Iranian support. Such an attitude, we stressed, could have none other than the inevitable fallout of reinforcing radical trends and the jihadists... President Obama, it seems, is obsessed by a desire to enter into a strategic agreement with the Iranian Islamic republic. This is likely the obsession that in 2010 drove him to flout the outcome of the Iraqi legislative elections (a lesson in democracy!) and reached an agreement with the Iranian government to impose Teheran's henchman, Nouri al-Maliki, as Iraq's prime minister. This, even though he had come in second in the poll behind Sunni strongman Iyad Allawi. We know the events since then. For four years Mr. Maliki systematically marginalized Iraqi Sunni elements, applying a policy blindly-aligned with Iran. The Obama administration pretended to see nothing, until a few weeks ago, when it claimed to be "surprised" by the violence of the reaction, not so much from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant [ISIL], but from the Sunni tribes and the Ulema (Muslim scholars and religious leaders)...
continua / continued  [ 24-aug-2014 06:22 ECT ]
Contaminated Water Leaves 500,000 Dry for Three Days|
Toledo Sips of Life in Iraq
by MIKE FERNER
August 6, 2014 - ...Since sanctions were already in effect before the Desert Storm blitz, Pentagon planners knew how stressed Iraq’s water and sewer systems had become. A detailed report by the Defense Intelligence Agency, issued just days after the blitz began on January 16, 1991, describes the vulnerabilities in Iraq’s ability to provide safe drinking water, concluding that "Full degradation of the water treatment system probably will take at least another six months."That brief war destroyed 31 water and sewer facilities in Iraq, 20 of them in Baghdad. This, together with a post-war tightening of sanctions, killed up to 500,000 children under the age of five, according to a 1999 UNICEF study – double all the dead at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.The sadism and hubris go unbelievably deeper, according to this statement attributed to a Pentagon planner in a November, 2002 Harper’s article by Joy Gordon: "What we were doing with the attacks on infrastructure was to accelerate the effect of the sanctions."...
continua / continued  [ 24-aug-2014 05:30 ECT ]
Under Israeli Siege, Gaza’s Children Must Work Lest Their Families Starve
By Mohammed Omer
August 6, 2014-Under the watchful eye of the shop manager, 13-year-old Abdullah removes the wheel from a car with speed and agility, his young muscles flexing as he twists the wrench on each bolt. When he’s done, he slides out from under the car."I have to work, earn money to help support my four brothers and parents," the boy explains.According to Palestinian labor laws, Abdullah shouldn’t be here. He should be at school, reading textbooks and learning math. But economic necessity has forced this young man, and tens of thousands of others, to forgo pencils for the tools of labor. Israel’s siege on the Gaza Strip began in 2007, after Hamas won parliamentary elections described by international election observers as "free and fair." Israel was swift to impose a harsh collective punishment on a population some 60 percent of which are under the age of 18...
continua / continued  [ 24-aug-2014 05:24 ECT ]
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